Aurelius Augustinius, more commonly referred to as Saint Augustine was born on November 13, 354 CE in Thagaste, South Africa. He was born to a Pagan father, Patricius, and a Christian mother, Monnica, who is revered as one of the most influential women in the history of the Christian church due to her influence on her son. During Augustine’s youth, he was encouraged to become a writer or lawyer. However, Saint Augustine felt inclined to devote himself to the church. He was educated at the University of Carthage and followed his attendance at this institution by becoming a professor of Rhetoric at the University of Milan. During his career as a teacher he began to have doubts concerning Manichaeism. Years later, in 387, Augustine made the commitment to convert to Catholic Christianity and was thus baptized. Saint Augustine abandoned his post at the University of Milan and heavily studied faith. He wrote two very influential books during this time: Confessions and City of God. The first of which criticizes his former faith of Manichaeism.
Saint Augustine’s beliefs were strongly based around the divine intervention of God. His standing on one’s ticket to Heaven was based on the school of thought known as pre-destination. Augustine’s concepts of pre-destination and grace were two subjects of debate in Theology. He had experiences with Manichaeism, Neoplatonism and other schools of thought that all helped him form his opinion of God and divinity. Augustine maintained that God was omnipotent but did not determine every choice of every person. He felt that people make their own decisions and it is their will to make the decision that is good and God, for the most part, only oversees these decisions.
Saint Augustine felt that there were 3 explanations for an event occurring:
• Those caused by chance
• Those caused by God
• Those caused by us
However, this belief did not interfere with Augustine’s strong belief of...