Physical harm may also be caused when a parent or carer fabricates the symptoms of illness in a child. In pregnancy an unborn child can be harmed by domestic violence. Signs of physical abuse * Any injuries not consistent with the explanation given for them * Injuries which occur to the body in places which are not normally exposed to falls or rough games * Injuries which have not received medical attention * Reluctance to change for, or participate in, games or swimming * Bruises, bites, burns and fractures, for example, which do not have an accidental explanation * The child gives inconsistent accounts for the cause of injuries Physical abuse can lead directly to neurological damage, physical injuries, disability and in extreme cases death. Physical abuse has been linked to aggressive behaviour in children, emotional and behavioural problems and learning difficulties. Emotional Abuse Emotional abuse is where repeated verbal threats, criticism, ridicule, shouting, lack of love and affection causes a severe adverse
Unit 10 Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care. Outcome 1 1.1 / 1.2 Define the following types of abuse and identify and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse. Physical abuse can include: • hitting • punching • slapping • pinching • kicking • burning • misuse of medication • force feeding • catheterisation for convenience of staff • refusing toilet facilities • leaving people in wed/soiled bedding or clothing. Physical abuse is deliberate force being used and can result in bodily injury, impairment or pain. It can happen to anybody young or old and there are many indicators/signs of when physical abuse is taking place however, the list below is only an indicator not a definite that abuse is happening.
Principles of Safeguarding and Protection in Health and Social Care Physical abuse Physical abuse is when someone deliberately hurts or injures you; it can include hitting, kicking, pulling hair, beating with objects, throwing and shaking. No one has the right to hurt you in this way. Physical abuse can leave you feeling:- • Anxious and feeling fearful • Lonely and isolated • Depressed and sad • Worthless with low self esteem • Like you want to harm your self • Like you want to run away • Unable to concentrate at work/daily activities, eat or sleep properly. Signs and symptoms of physical abuse:- • May lash out • Anxiety • Become angry or violent • Burns, bruises or cuts • Fractures
Children Act 2004: This Act strengthens the Children Act 1989. Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006: Established a single body to make decisions about individuals who should be barred from working with children and to maintain a list of these individuals. Protection of Freedom Act 2012: Merged the Independent Safeguarding Authority with the Criminals Records Bureau (CRB) to form a single new, non-departmental public body called the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) who enables organisations to make safer recruitment decisions. Every potential employee to our business requires a DBS check before commencing work. Possible signs, symptoms, indicators and behaviours that may cause me concern for the welfare of a child that I came into contact with could be as follows: Physical: Bruising, Burns, Bite marks or scars.
Lesson 2 Essay During your pregnancy there are many hazardous agents that should be avoided at all costs in order to prevent birth defects and disorders. These agents are known as teratogens and can have a negative impact on your unborn child. Teratogens can include prescription and nonprescription drugs, alcohol, tobacco, environmental pollution, illegal drugs, infectious diseases and radiation. Illegal drugs, such as cocaine, heroin, and methadone, can cause very serious and permanent physical and mental defects. Illicit use of these drugs can lead to low birth weight, breathing difficulties, death, and of course the possibility of the baby being born addicted to the drug.
For example when a support worker is taking money from a service user’s purse without his or her knowledge. INSTITUTIONAL ABUSE: happens when the routine and regime within the care setting deny people rights, choices and opportunities. It comprises neglect; physical abuse, service users not allowed to go out and their interest are not at the center of every decision made. SELF – NEGLECT: is the failure of a person to take care of himself or herself. Self-neglect can cause physical, mental or emotional harm to a person.
The usual targets of this kind of violence are women that are most likely, injured. Children living in a household with IPV may not actually witness violent events but are nonetheless exposed to IPV through after-effects including the physical and / or psychological traumatic impacts on the victim. IPV exposure impacts these children and often results to negative short and long term behavioral, psychological, cognitive and social impacts on children. These children witnessing the violence sometimes get involved in the IPV by being caught in the conflict unintentionally or while stepping in to defend a parent being victimized. Children exposed to IPV are also likely to be victims of child maltreatment, as there is a high co-occurrence of both types of violence.
Mental abuse can cause a child serious behavioral, emotional, or even mental disorders, (medicinenet.com1999). Acts of the parent or caregiver just alone can make a child behave in a certain way. When a child is confined for punishment is a reason for a child to act out in a specific behavior. For example if a child is confined in a dark basement when locked every time they are punished it changes the way a child will behave. The child may behave in many different ways depending on the way they are abused.
Emotional/Psychological Abuse – This is described as abnormal behaviour or moods. Talking a lot or very fast or being usually quiet. Appearing afraid or worried, being concerned that care and may not continue. Financial Abuse – This is described as shortage of money reluctance to pay for things, complaining about price increases, unusual interest or lack of interest in their personal finances. Institutional Abuse – This is describes as individuals not eating properly, not dressing properly, not participating, staying in their bedrooms, not getting the required attention and support, complaints from other service users or family.
Firstly, there are many factors that can exacerbate childhood trauma that will later on cause a person to engage in criminal activity. For instance, some researches tend to use the term “Adverse Child Experiences’’ also known as ACE, this includes a multitude of childhood trauma’s involving sexual and emotional abuse, child neglect, or substance abuse (Going Bonkers Magazine, Kathleen Kendall Page 44. ) When a child is faced with these many unexplained acts of trauma it usually leads to Psychological changes, which causes Harmful behaviors towards themselves or others (Kendall, Page 45). This could be due to the fact that they are always exposed to physical abuse, and they will feel the need