Safeguarding Essay

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Safeguarding Define the following types of abuse: • physical abuse Physical abuse is abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm. Signs and symptoms - unexplained bruising, marks or injuries on any part of the body, multiple bruises- in clusters, often on the upper arm, outside of the thigh, cigarette burns, human bite marks, broken bones, scalds, with upward splash marks, multiple burns with a clearly demarcated edge. Changes in behaviour that can also indicate physical abuse - fear of parents being approached for an explanation, aggressive behaviour or severe temper outbursts, flinching when approached or touched, reluctance to get changed, for example in hot weather, depression, withdrawn behaviour, running away from home. • sexual abuse The forcing of unwanted sexual activity by one person on another, as by the use of threats or coercion or sexual activity that is deemed improper or harmful, as between an adult and a minor or with a person of diminished mental capacity. Signs and symptoms - pain or itching in the genital area, bruising or bleeding near genital area, sexually transmitted disease, vaginal discharge or infection, stomach pains, discomfort when walking or sitting down, pregnancy Changes in behaviour which can also indicate sexual abuse include - sudden or unexplained changes in behaviour e.g. becoming aggressive or withdrawn, fear of being left with a specific person or group of people, having nightmares, running away from home, sexual knowledge which is beyond their age, or developmental level, sexual drawings or language, bedwetting, eating problems such as overeating or anorexia, self-harm or mutilation, sometimes leading to suicide attempts, saying they have secrets they cannot tell anyone about, substance or drug abuse, suddenly having

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