Having no consent or abusing a person who is unable to give consent due to illness or mental state is sexual abuse. Pressuring someone into any kind of sexual activity or showing inappropriate sexual material such as pornography is abuse. Asking inappropriate questions or revealing sexually inappropriate things about yours to a vulnerable person is also classed as abuse. Signs/symptoms: There are physical and psychological signs and symptoms of sexual abuse. Physical
1.1b -Define the following types of abuse - Sexual abuse Sexual abuse is where an individual is either forced or coerced into unwanted sexual activity. Signs of sexual abuse can include some or many of the following possible indicators: Loss of sleep, unexplained or unexpected changes in behaviour, bruising, soreness around genitals, torn, stained or bloody underwear, a pre-occupation with anything sexual, STDs. Unexpected or multiple indicators should at least raise the question of whether abuse is happening. 1.1c -Define the following types of abuse Emotional/psychological abuse Emotional or psychological abuse is where an individual uses words or actions that may result in psychological trauma to another, including anxiety, chronic depression or PTSD . Signs of emotional or psychological abuse can include some or many of the following possible indicators: Fear, depression, confusion, loss of sleep, unusual or unexpected changes in behaviour.
•Neglect is a passive form of abuse in which the perpetrator is responsible to provide care, for someone, who is unable to care for oneself, but fails to provide adequate care to meet their needs. Neglect may include failing to provide sufficient supervision, nourishment, medical care or other needs. 1.2Identify the signs and/or symptoms associated with each type of abuse: •Physical abuse when you have Bruises, pressure marks, broken bones, abrasions, and burns may indicate physical abuse or neglect. •Sexual abuse can be bruises around the breasts or genital area, as well as unexplained bleeding around the genital area, pregnancy, STI’s may be signs of sexual abuse. •Emotional/psychological abuse can be unexplained withdrawal from normal
Unit 25 1.1 Define the following types of abuse: Physical abuse: Physical abuse is defined as; Inflicting, or threatening to inflict, physical pain or injury to a vulnerable elder. Physical abuse can also include depriving them of basic needs such as food, medicines, or giving too much medication. Physical abuse accounts for 25% of all abuse cases of elder abuse. This type of abuse includes punching, pushing, shaking, pinching, burning, force feeding, and any sort of physical punishment or restraint. Signs of abuse include physical signs as well as sudden changes in behaviour or refusal of a caregiver to allow visitors to see an elder alone.
Another sign may be that a client will flinch when a certain carer goes near them. Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse can also be referred to as molestation, and is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another. It can take several different forms including: Being touched in an intimate area when you do not want to be. Being made to touch others in intimate areas when you do not want to. Having any type of sex when you don’t want to.
Including rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, or could consent, or was pressured into consenting. Change in behaviour. Overt sexual behaviour or language, difficulty in walking, sitting, injuries to genital and/or anal area. Neglect by others: Can be intentional or unintentional acts. Includes acts of omission.
Stopping a persons right to the necessities such as medication, nutrition and heating. * Self-neglect- any adult that no longer can take care of themselves . Aii) Identify signs and symptoms of the different types of abuse. Physical abuse- any change in behaviour can be a sign that someone is a victim of some form of abuse, other signs would be * Multiply brusing or finger marks especially in well protected areas. * Fractures such as twisting of the wrists.
Types of sexual abuse are rape, sexual assault, touching and fondling, offensive or inappropriate language or involving an individual in the making and/or showing of pornography. • Emotional/psychological abuse. This is behaviour that has a harmful effect on the person’s emotional health and development or any form of mental cruelty. Some participating factors of emotional/psychological abuse maybe threats of harm or abandonment, being deprived of social or any other sort of contact, humiliation, blaming, controlling, verbal abuse, bullying or behaviour that undermines the adults self-esteem and results in them being less able to protect themselves. • Financial abuse.
PRINCIPLES OF SAFEGUARDING AND PROTECTION IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Unit 204 1.1&1.2 Physical Abuse: Physical abuse is any intentional or unwanted contact with you or another person, this may include hitting or shaking someone, poisoning, burning someone or even using an object that could cause harm to an individuall. Signs and symptoms of physical abuse can be visible signs such as bruises and cuts or burns on the body or it could be broken bones and open wounds. Sexual Abuse: Sexual abuse is when any sexual activity is forced upon an individual without consent or made to participate or watch sexual activity. Signs and symptoms of sexual abuse could include injuries to or near the genital areas or bleeding or even a sexually transmitted infection can be a sign of inappropriate sexual behaviour. Emotional and psychological abuse: Emotional and psychological abuse is when physical abuse is being made or even threats these can have a big impact.
Signs of physical abuse in adults are: bruising, particularly in well-protected and covered areas, burns - including friction burns and scalds, unexplained hair loss, significant weight loss, etc... Symptoms include feeling low, angry and in pain. 2. Sexual abuse is when a person is forced or tricked into taking part in any kind of sexual activity. When sexual contact is non-con-sensual, it is an abuse.