He depicts a medieval church and the power of nature and allows them to work together; to coincide. Although there are storm clouds in the painting, by placing a rainbow in the storm it sends a message that there is a balance and peace between humans and nature. This differs greatly from the stance of the Enlightenment thinkers that pushed away the mysterious and random elements of nature, and instead opted for reason and order. Other examples of nature can be found in Document C, Caspar David Frieddrich's The Polar Sea and Document D, Joseph Turner’s Rain, Steam, and Speed. These two paintings represent aspects of Romantic’s conflicting ideas of nature.
Comparing Northern & Southern Renaissance Works The styles and subject matters of Northern and Italian artists do have their differences when looked at closely. It seems that the greatest explanation for their separate subject matters is the different religions that the Northern and Southern regions believed. For both the North and South of Italy it would not be wrong to suggest that the society that the two halves lived in was dominated by religion. For the North it was Protestantism for the south it was Catholicism. The North faced a more austere and miserable environment which is somewhat represented in their work whereas the south were more focused on bringing out the religious imagery of the Bible in their artists works.
From 500 to 1500 CE in Europe, rural society & religious philosophies changed while the Roman Catholic Church continued to have political influence in the Holy Roman Empire. Rural society changes in Medieval Europe. In early medieval times, the demographic growth was not enough to lead to the urbanization of large scale cities. Manors and small communities were largely self sufficient. However, in later medieval times, there is another surge in population and this time it is sufficient to lead to the growth of previously existing cities like Paris, London, and Toledo.
The Success of ‘The Edict of Nantes’ in 1598. The Edict of Nantes in 1598 was only a temporary solution to the religious wars in France from 1562-1598. There were several attempts to bring peace and unity to France during this time but each attempt was met with hostility by both sides and a common ground was not found until the reign of Henry IV. The problems with the Edict of Nantes’ predecessors were that they heavily favoured the Catholics and never met the demands of the Huguenots. The likes of the Edict of Saint-Germaine and Ambroise both gave small successions to the Huguenots but not what they desired.
The idea shown in source 7 of Henry not being able to fully separate himself from his catholic beliefs is further back up by the evidence found in source 8. Although we have to be aware of the fact that source 8 was written by Bishop Tunstall to Reginald Pole in 1536, which means that it may be slightly biased towards Catholicism. The source states that Henry wishes to remain a part of the “unity of Christ’s Catholic Church”. Which tells us that Protestantism is not making enough progress in England as to convince the King, yet it is still making gains. Also in the source, Henry’s title of “Supreme Head” is mentioned.
This did pose a problem for the growth of nationalism as the Northern states looked to Prussian for support, as she was the protestant superpower amongst the German states. The southern states on the other hand looked to Austria, due to her religious alliegience being Catholic. This mutual religion among the northern states caused them to support Prussia, and vice versa in the southern states with Austria. Thus, it was more than just religion that divided the German states. The tension and rivalry that existed between the two largest German states made worse the existing religious divisions and made the possibility of unification more problematic.
FRQ: Compare and contrast Lutheran and catholic reformations The catholic and Lutheran reformations were revolutionary events in history in which the Christian religion divided into the different sects that exist today, Catholicism and Protestantism. The Lutheran reformation is when Luther studied scriptures and came to the conclusion that the papacy was an invalid power and corrupt. The catholic reformation was the Catholic Church’s attempt to resolve corruption and other serious issues within the Catholic Church. This was also done to reform the catholic church so it is more appealing and hence, less conversions to protestant branches of Christianity such and Lutheranism. These two events were similar and different in two aspects: they were different because while the Lutheran reformation had many doctrinal changes, the catholic reforms made no revisions whatsoever to the beliefs of the catholic church; and they were similar because they both resolved many corrupt practices which was critical for both Protestantism and Catholicism because it added an appeal to the two sects of Christianity allowing either of them to gain popularity.
Northern renaissance mostly focused on religious ideas. They were more concern with reform the church and adopt the path of early Christian church. Jan van Eyck’s Ghent Altarpiece (closed), Saint Bavo Cathedral, Ghent and Rogier vander Weyden’s Deposition also show this concept. Also northern renaissance art artist were more realistic than Italian renaissance artists. Their painting didn’t have Greek gods but real people.
He believed the selling indulgences was wrong, and even the pope, Pope Leo X, did not have the authority to abolish sins through payments. Luther recognized that at this time, the Church was more focused on accumulating money than saving its people and spreading the word of Christ. Luther believed that only God has the ability to take away the sins of humanity. Martin Luther published his opinions in a document titled Ninety-Five Theses. The monk's writing spread quickly around Europe, and he soon posed a serious threat to the Catholic Church.
The Catholics may have been angry with the church but their church got reform and that’s what they wanted. The Catholic Church had no choice but to sale indulgence that was the pope’s orders and back in that time the Catholics followed the pope. The Catholic Church spent their money on unnecessary things. The church didn’t think wisely, but all of that changed because Martin Luther reformed the church and John Calvin helped. The pope lead the church and decided a person gets into heaven, but William Tyndale believes that if you believe in Jesus Christ as your Savoir then you’ll get into heaven, and I believe the same things as Tyndale, you shouldn’t have to prove yourself to the pope that you deserve to go to heaven and the pope shouldn’t get to decide.