The Rwandan Genocide

451 Words2 Pages
In the late 1900’s, the Hutus and the Tutsis were two groups of people that were against each other in Rwanda in central Africa. The Tutsis were cattle herders, and the Hutus were farmers. The Tutsis, the minority, were favored by Belgian colonial power. The Tutsis were given more privileges than the Hutus. Identity cards were given to everyone to say if that person was Tutsi or Hutu. This unfairness made the Hutus turn against the Tutsis. In the 1950’s Hutu people gained control of the government in Rwanda and became more powerful than the Tutsis. Rwanda gained independence in 1962 and split into two different countries – Rwanda and Burundi. In Burundi, the Tutsis gained control of the government, and in the early 1970’s, a thousand Hutus were killed in Burundi. In 1990, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) invaded Rwanda. The RPF was composed mainly of Tutsis. The Arusha Accords peace agreement was signed between the rebels and the government in August 1993. A small UN force was sent to oversee the Accord. There was fighting shortly after the Accord was signed. In October 1993, the Tutsi army killed the first Hutu president in Burundi. After the president in Rwanda was killed in a plane crash, some Hutus killed the UN peacekeepers. After the murder, almost all of the UN peacekeepers were evacuated. One out of eight million Rwandans were killed in the Rwandan Genocide. Hutus killed thousands of Tutsis and other Hutus every day. Hutus used the radio to make people believe the Tutsis were evil and they needed to kill them. The radio was used to locate escaping Tutsis. The U.S. was the only country that was able to stop the radio in Rwanda but they didn’t. The U.S. said it was too expensive and it would take away people’s freedom of speech. The U.S. and the UN both ignored warnings about the killings. When the killings started, no one did anything to help the problem in

More about The Rwandan Genocide

Open Document