Rwanda Genocide Essay

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Rwanda Case study 27/5/08 JAC ( Outline the factors that led to the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. Discuss he role of the United Nations peacekeepers throughout the ordeal. By Gregory Kourpanidis Introduction The Republic of Rwanda is a Small country in the Great Lakes region of east-central Africa, bordered by Uganda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania. It has an approximate population 0f 10,186,063 million. Rwanda supports the densest population in continental Africa, with most of the population engaged in subsistence agriculture. A verdant country of fertile and hilly terrain, the small republic bears the title "Land of a Thousand Hills" (Quoted from French: Pays des Mille Collines wikepedia) Rwanda became an Independence nation on July first 1962 from Belgium Rwanda was created as a republic governed by the majority Party of the Hutu Emancipation Movement which had gained full control of national politics by this time. Rwanda also now became a Hutu-dominated one-party state. (Source Genocide During April and May in 1994 an approximate 800,000 Rwandans were killed in the space of 100 days. Most of the deaths were Tutsis and most of those who were involved in the violence were Hutus. The genocide was sparked by the death of the Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, when his plane was shot down above Kigali (which is the capital of Rwanda) airport on 6 April 1994. It was only c couple of hours after the assignation of the president Juvenal Habyarimana violence spread across the capital and then the country and it took several months before the violence was ceased. Before the murder of the president there was already conflict between the Tuties and the Hutu’s since the country was

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