Russia's Expansionist Politics Under The Tsars

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Chapter 18 Notes I. Introduction A. Land empire created between 1450-1750 1. Involved limited commercial exchange 2. Altered balance of power Asia/Europe 3. Expanded eastward into Asia B. Link to Eastern Europe 1. Some regional kingdoms 2. Conflict with Poland and Lithuania C. Changes of nation 1. Sense of separate identity 2. Reaction to Western influence – accept it, select from it, shun it II. Russia’s Expansionist Politics Under the Tsars A. First step – Break free from Mongol control 1. Moscow princes strong as tax collectors 2. Ivan III – Ivan the Great – large army – 1462 frees chunk i. Utilized support for Orthodox Church ii. Played off…show more content…
Became service aristocracy – sold out? ii. Role of landlord 1. Requisition peasant labor 2. Levy taxes 3. Impose punishments e. Fading from Western influence – still selective i. Improved St. Petersburg ii. Encouraged nobles to travel iii. Closed Russia after French Revolution – hmmm…why? 1. Censored intellectuals – here’s a pattern/precedent f. Russian expansion i. Fought Ottoman Empire ii. Extended holdings all the way down to modern day Alaska, Oregon, N. California g. Russia’s interests in Europe i. Divided Poland between Austria and Prussia 1. Poland’s parliament kept crippling gov’t flexibility ii. Set precedent of involvement in W. Europe 1. Eventually, Russia would stop Napoleon h. Success by 1800 – summary – here’s what they accomplished i. Won independence ii. Centralized gov’t iii. IV. Themes in Early Modern Russian
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