To fully analyze the causes of tension which became the Cold War and role of the United States one must go the countries’ origins. Russia had a system of expansionism inherent within its history. From 1500-1800, Russia began to demonstrate expansionist tendencies (Gascoigne 1). This characteristic would spawn similar actions after the Second World War, when a war torn Europe lay bare and defenseless before the Iron Curtain. During the First World War, Russia initially sided with the Allies until the Bolshevik Revolution in 1918.
Why did Alexander II reform Russia? http://rudbeck-ib-history-revision.wikispaces.com/Alexander+II Intro – what would you include? The reforms= Emancipation, Judicial, Political, Military, Church and education Situation= Inheriting the problems of Nicholas I + context in Russia. Known as Tsar Liberator To modernise: -To solve industrial backwardness -To solve military issues= unorganized, weak, inconsistent. Point 1.
Nicholas II had tried his best to regain people’s support and stop the revolution tide through the reforms after the 1905 Revolution. After the 1905 Revolution, the Tsar still had to face the above problems. In order to prolong his rule, he was forced to reform Russia. At first, he agreed to set up parliament, Duma. It made Russia became a constitution country like Britain.
Why did Alexander II decide to embark on a series of reforms when he came to power in Russia? Following the death of Nicholas I in 1855, Alexander II came to power as the new Tsar who would introduce major reforms to the Russian state in an attempt to modernize the country so it could again compete with the western countries such as France and the United Kingdom whilst preserving the Autocratic structure that the Tsar and Aristocracy so heavily depended upon. There were many reasons Alexander felt Russia had to change from the issue of the serfs to the Crimean war but in this following essay we will look closer into the reasons for reform and which one was in my opinion the most significant. When Alexander II took over reign from his father Nicholas I, in 1855, Russia had just suffered an embarrassing defeat in the Crimean War in the October of 1954 and again in the November of 1954. Russia’s greatest naval base in Vebastapol had fallen to Russia’s western enemies and following the Treaty of Paris, a mission which was supposed to conquer the black sea area and take advantage of the weakness of the ottoman empire, resulted in Russia being pushed back and prevented from holding any Russian war ships in the Black Sea area during times of piece.
During the 110-year period from 1855 to 1964, there are a several turning points in the development of Russian government in terms of its ideology, structure and practice of which the most significant events are the abolition of serfdom in 1861 which emancipation was introduced, the Bolshevik’s takeover in October 1917, in which it crushed all possibility that liberal democracy might emerge into Russian to the world’s first Communist state and Stalin’s acquisition of power in 1928. The main ideological turning points of the development of Russian government were the abdication of Russia’s last Tsar, Nicholas II, in February 1917, and the Bolshevik’s takeover in Oct 1917, of which the first indicates the end of autocracy while the later indicates the establishment of Communism. Between both, the Bolshevik’s takeover seems to be a more important turning point. In theory, both events are important turning points in the history of the development of the Russian Government, but the February Revolution is not as important is the October Revolution, because the fall of autocracy led to a change to liberal democratic government, which did not last long due to small impact to the country, however the rise of Communism from the fall of liberal democratic government had a massive impact on the development of the government, as the later events, such as the establishment of the One-Day Parliament, Stalin’s acquisition of power occurred based on different views towards the ideology of Communism. The fall of autocratic system is significant in the change of ideology of the Russian government, as it had marked the end of Tsarism, but the October Revolution in 1917 is a more important turning point of the development of the government, as based on Communism, the Russian government had changes in its structure and practices later on.
How and why was the unification of Germany possible? Massive migration to the West Election Financial aids from the West USSR accepted the aids and allowed the unification. 35. How did Gorbachev’s reforms lead to the disintegration of the Soviet Union? As he abandoned the party’s monopoly on political power and machinery controls, the Moscow leadership declined and harsh regulations were de-imposed.
New, radical ideas came into Russia when Alexander II laxed censorship policies. It was decided that instead of everything that was not harmful to the government, rather than anything that was positive of the government would be let in. This opened the door for many new radical ideas, like socialism and nihilism. Nihilism is in its root radical anarchism. Translated, it means â€œNothingismâ€, which fits it quite well.
Global Studies Name: Quiz Absolute rulers 1. Peter the Great and Catherine the Great changed Russia by 1. abolishing all social class distinctions 2. becoming constitutional monarchs 3. preventing wars with neighboring nations 4. introducing western ideas and customs 2. “God hath power to create or destroy, make or unmake, at his pleasure; to give life or send death; to judge…and to be judged (by) none…And the like power have kings;…” Which idea is described by this passage? 1. theory of divine right 2. enlightened despotism 3. Social Darwinism
To heighten the urgency of his demands for modernization, Stalin portrayed the Western powers as warmongers eager to attack them. Pravda-a | 1. pravada – a Russian newspaper Alexandra Kollontai-A leading feminist in revolutionary Russia. Osip Mandelstam-Russian poet who died in a prison camp Anna akhmatova-was the pen name of the modernist poet Anna Mikhail Sholokhov-was of peasant birth, fought in the Civil
Since Russia was formed, it was always ruled over by a monarchy. Examples of this are Peter the Great, Catherine the Great and Alexander I ("Background Note: Russia"). In 1905 there was a Russian Revolution due to the defeat in the Russo-Japanese war which forced the monarch to grant a constitution introducing democratic reforms. In 1917 there was another revolution. This revolution resulted from the horrific defeats in World War I for the Russians and internal pressures.