Russian Revolution Essay

372 WordsApr 30, 20152 Pages
The Russian Revolution was a social and political movement that saw the end of the Imperial Rule and led to the formation of the Soviet Union. The Revolution occurred when the peasants and working class citizens of Russia revolted against the government of Tsar Nicholas II due to his poor leadership skills. Led by Vladimir Lenin and a group of revolutionaries called the Bolsheviks, the movement revolved around notions of Karl Marx who wrote “the inevitable victory of the proletariat, or working class, would put an end to society forever.” This revolution consequently marked the beginning of the spread of communism in the twentieth century. Before the Russian Revolution, Russia was ruled by the Tsar, a formidable monarch that had complete control over the army, churches and much of the land. This period therefore made life radically challenging for the peasants and working class due to their substandard pay, low food situation, exposed to unsafe working conditions and were essentially treated as slaves by the aristocrat class. The fact that the Tsar forced working class and peasant men to fight in WWI which led to the death of nearly 2 million soldiers and the tragic deaths of the working class on Bloody Sunday were other notable catalyst for the revolution. The revolution occurred through two separate coups, beginning with the February Revolution. This revolution saw workers take strikes and riot against the Tsar, Nicholas II. When Nicolas ordered his army to suppress the riots, they rather refused and rebelled with the workers, forcing the Tsar out of his position. A new form of government took over and was run by two political parties, The Petrograd Soviet (represent soldiers and workers) and the Provisional Government (traditional government excluding Tsar). In accordance to the

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