Russian Revolution Essay

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1st 1000 words Emancipation: During Alexander II’s reign he made significant reforms, otherwise known as the Great reforms especially in 1861 when he conducted the emancipation of the serfs to eradicate the dependence of the peasantry on the economy of Russia. These reforms gave the peasants their personal freedom and a share of the land which totalled to about half overall. However the peasantry was still upset with the the reforms as they believed by right that they were entitled to all of the land and thus drove a peasant revolution in 1905 and 1917. This was a starting block on the path to freedom of Tsarist rule which was previously autocratic but Alexander II seemed to divert of the path of autocracy and to introduce the newer ideology of nationalism and liberalism, the aims of the emancipation was to take the focus away from the aristocracy’s elite control of the poor and to reinstate it with a reformed branch of all administrations, which would trigger the increased of other reforms such as the new penal code based on French governed law and order, in the rural districts zemtsvo’s were introduced which was a type of federal government with a rural municipal police force with it. Industrialisation With the population doubling in size from 1860 through to 1914, the stress and strain began to show on the productivity rates and the industry sector as it plunged Russia into new hardships, over eighty percent of the population was of the peasant background in the start of the twentieth century. The poverty stricken families were swept over by illness, bad luck or local conditions, the famine of 1891-1892 claimed 400,000 lives alone. At the start of the 1880’s Russia’s leaders came to realise that the economic system could not remain largely agrarian, the industrial sector had to reform in order to keep the economy going but to also boost its

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