Russia’s Editing Giants Editing Assignment 1
Russian cinema played a large part in developing and discovering various editing techniques that are still used to this day worldwide. Lev Kuleshov, Vsevolod Pudovkin and Sergei Eisenstein are known as three of Russia’s main “Editing Giants”. This essay will explore their film careers, the different editing techniques they developed and how they used them in their films, as well as the link between these three influential Russians filmmakers.
In order, Lev Kuleshov, Vsevolod Pudovkin and Sergei Eisenstein:
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Lev Kuleshov, born in January 1899 (Brenna, S), began his film career working with Russian film maker Evgeni Bauer. What separated Kuleshov from other Russian flmmakers was his desire to establish film as a form of art, as well as a tool to relay messages and meaning to the viewers. It was this desire that lead him to experiment with, and establish the technique of montage in cinema. Through experimentation, and partly due to the lack of film stock post-Revolution, Kuleshov developed an editing technique now known as the “Kuleshov Effect” (Taylor, S).
The Kuleshov Effect was a technique that served as a means of speeding up the narrative as well as demonstrating to the audience a more effective way of portraying human expressiveness (Brenna, S). What the experiment consisted of was the same footage of an actor’s expressionless face intercut with footage of different objects and scenes. Even though the actor’s expression remains the same, the audience interprets each scene differently; associating and linking the face with the clip it was intercut with. For example, at one stage in the film the actor’s face is intercut with the image of a beautiful woman and back to the actor’s face; even though he hasn’t changed his expression the audience is lead to believe that there is now a look of lust on his...