Russia Essay

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1917 Revolution (Russia) There were two revolutions in Russia in 1917. The first revolution was the February revolution, which removed Tsar Nicholas II from power, which developed spontaneously out of a series of increasingly violent demonstration and riots in the streets of Petrograd when Tsar was away from the capital visiting troops on the World War I front. . Later that year was the October Revolution, the Bolsheviks seizure of power. This is when the Communists took power and this lasted until 1991. The February Revolution of 1917 in Russia is the first stage of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Its immediate result was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, the collapse of Imperial Russia. A provisional non-Communist government under Alexander Kerensky replaced Tsar. This revolution appeared to break out spontaneously, without any real leadership or formal planning, supposedly due to the fact that the people of Russia had had enough of the existing system. The key people or the groups that were involved were the police, protestors, troop Tsar and the Duma (first elected government). The tension built up and finally exploded into a revolution and Petrograd (the City of St. Petersburg) became the focal point of activity. The October Revolution also called the Bolsheviks Revolution was a much more deliberate event, orchestrated by a small group of people. (Kornilov Affair a right wing army officer attempted a coup to take over Russia). The Bolsheviks led the coup in only six months. They were generally viewed as an extremist group and had very little popular support when they began serious efforts in April 1917.By October; the Bolsheviks popular base was much larger. After October, the Bolsheviks realised that they could not maintain power in an election-based system without sharing power with other parties and compromising their principles.

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