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Rural-Urban Migration In India Essay

  • Submitted by: kakamama
  • on March 18, 2009
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 1,090 words

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Below is an essay on "Rural-Urban Migration In India" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

Employment appears to the one of the main reasons for migration of the people. Economic constraint at the native place of the migrants motivates or couples the people to leave their original place in search of livelihood or economic betterment at different destinations in urban zones. A survey of relevant data conducted from time to time revealed that nearly one third of the migrants have arrived in the cities only for seeking employment. It is well known that large proportion of rural villages depends entirely on farm work. These people are unable to sustain themselves, as most of them remain without rest or 5-6 months in a year. This ultimately results in their poverty. Leaving apart a few cases of big landlords, a young son of marginal farmer would never prefer to pursue himself in the profession of farming for obvious reasons. Only a less educated helpless person who can't do anything else would be a part of it. Secondly, the holdings are also going to be lesser and lesser day by day and the some area of land is now insufficient for generating self employment for landless people.
Above all speedy expansion of house and cities, through continuous acquisition of adjoining agricultural land, is a sword hanging and an impending threat to rural people curtailing the availability of cultivable land to the farmers. Education level is an important parameter for an individual which influences migration motivation and determines mobility pattern to a large extent. Nearly 5% of people migrate for this reason. There is a lack of opportunities for rural youth to acquire sufficient as well as quality of education in the rural sector. They are also devoid of any such facilities which are necessary to lift their personality as schools in the rural areas are comparatively low. In additions, the pattern of education is such that most of the youth are left untrained and are unable to take up any type of self-employment. If one tries to enter into some sort of trade, huge sums of...

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