Root Cause Analysis and Nursing Implications

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RTT Task 2

Establishing a root cause analysis (RCA) especially in a healthcare situation is a fundamental step to avoid future cases of patient negligence as noted with the unfortunate death of Mr. B. The step leads to proper problem solving and identifying faults especially in training and skills transfer amongst health practitioners. However, in consideration of causative factors that lead to a sentinel event such as a patient’s outcome, there are issues worth revisiting. First, it is imperative to describe the problem or define the event through the inclusion of quantitative and qualitative attributes. In the given case study, for instance, future provision of moderate sedation and additional backup must remain a mandatory exercise. Second, involves gathering of data and available evidence as a means of highlighting the occurrence of events, a behavior, or even condition (Clark &Taplin, 2012). According to most hospital regulations and ethics, when a patient begins to exhibit complications, it is upon the nurse and the ED physician to note the symptoms and offer appropriate treatment. Further examination of this scenario reveals a number of hazards/errors, i.e., shortage of qualified nurses, unfamiliar with appropriate medication dosages, the current procedure for conscious sedation was not followed, and the most fundamental hazard is the inability of the staff to prioritize and inform the administration (Nursing Supervisor) of the situation in the ED. The emergency department still failed to abide by medical ethics of practice. (Funnell & Rogers, 2011) Change theory is fundamental in developing an improvement plan that decreases the likelihood of a reoccurrence of the outcome of the scenario. My plan to implement a procedural and organizational change would be to make a video involving the ED employees, respiratory

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