Ronald Ross Essay

503 WordsDec 11, 20123 Pages
Ronald Ross won the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1902 for discovering the role of the mosquito in the transmission of malaria. “By explaining the malaria parasite, he made it possible to understand aspects of the problems of malarial fevers that had confused physicians and scientists for hundreds of years,” (Sinden, Bulletin of the World Health Organization) Millions of people throughout the world suffered from malaria during Ross's time. His work made it possible for scientists to discover the transmission of many other diseases. Ross, the son of a military officer, was born in Nepal. In 1865 he was sent to England to attend school. Ross was primarily interested in poetry, art, and music; his father insisted that he study medicine. In 1874 he was enrolled in St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London. Although he passed the examination for membership in the Royal College of Surgeons, he failed the examination for the Society of Apothecaries. He passed the examination for the Society and Apothecaries in 1881 and was able to join the Indian Medical Service. “When Ross returned to India he became interested in the malarial parasite, which had been discovered in 1880 by Alphonse Laveran. Ross's initial attempts to find the parasite in blood smears taken from malaria patients were unsuccessful. Patrick Manson also discussed his belief that mosquitoes transmitted malaria,” (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia) Ross was thought that he would be able to find evidence in India that would confirm Manson's hypothesis. “After two years of work, in 1897 he found the malarial parasite in the stomach wall of a brown dapple-winged mosquito that is now known as Anopheles. With help from Manson, Ross was able to obtain a research leave from the Indian Medical Service in order to carry out further research in Calcutta. Using bird malarial as a model system, Ross was able to demonstrate the

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