Evaluate the Marxist perspective of religion Marxists are a group of sociologists that believe “religion is the opium of the people”, therefore it acts as a drug to dull the pain of oppression for the working class and makes life seem more bearable. However, sociologists have long been divided on the function of religion, so Marxists can be criticised in a number of ways. Marxists argue that religion benefits the ruling class in a number of ways. Firstly, it promises life after death which makes our suffering in this life more acceptable. Secondly, it makes social inequality seem fair and just, justifying social hierarchy.
Although democratic practices were on the way in the capitalist countries, he asserted that democratic politics possessed no advancement. Their destinations are totally different. Thoreau’s Civil Disobedience was the first great declaration of the right and duty to commit civil disobedience, which intended to set the demands of conscience above the demands of the law and the ruling authorities, to keep human’s moral obligation which was to resist evil, to make the democracy and justice come true. Nietzsche, on the other side, aimed to rebuild the deposed hierarchy system of the society, to realize elite politics that only a small group of people manage the society. From this perspective, their reasons for nonviolence are also divergent for their
This concept is explored in Aldous Huxley’s novel Brave New World, which shows what can happen when a hedonistic society is allowed to create its own ‘perfect world’ or utopia. Huxley uses satire to reveal the truths about such a society and while doing so, presents a personal criticism of a society that he feels is on the way of losing its sanity. All aspects of society in the Brave New World are negatively affected while trying to create a perfect place. The importance of love has completely disappeared as well as its purest meaning. Also, knowledge and history have been thrown away in the hopes of creating a world unaffected by its past and unthreatened by progression.
Vonnegut not only satirizes the mistaken of equality in the American culture but rather he may also be satirizing the misunderstanding of what leveling and equality could ultimately entail. More specifically, this text could be thought of as a parody to America’s Cold War misconception of not just communism but socialism as well. The story begins with this definition of the narrator’s twisted yet addled utopian view on equality. “The year was 2081, and everybody was finally equal. They weren’t only equal before God and the law.
Marxists however claim that we should focus on the eradication of capitalism, because then gender disparities will swiftly follow. Many feminists, particularly of the Marxist strain, would agree with this conviction. They believe that capitalism by its very nature is patriarchal due to the extent that it is male-dominated, male-identified and male-centred. Stating the obvious, in a patriarchal society, men are seen as the superior species and when a woman does break through the glass ceiling they are then seen to hold an air of ‘maleness’ (the ‘feminine’ characteristics are not admired: caring,
Maya Bassett English 131 28 March 2013 Ignorance Is Bliss “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas” and “Harrison Bergeron” are both dystopian stories depicting utilitarian societies where human suffering must occur in order to uphold their social structures. Each is a parable about extremism with a central figure key to maintaining the equilibrium of these societies. The authors pose questions about freedom and equality while exploring suppression, ignorance, and apathy. In Ursula Le Guin’s science fiction short story, “The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas,” the town is filled with happiness, joy, and freedom. Although to maintain this utopia, a single innocent child suffering from malnutrition and neglect must be locked away from society so the others may enjoy their freedom.
Introduction: (Thesis) Huxley’s Brave New World goes well with the Marxist Theory through the breakdown of society and government control of Soma, The Incompatibility of Happiness and Truth, and The Consumer Society. Example One: (Soma) Supporting Fact from Text: Soma is a drug to feel instant satisfaction to control the World State’s population. It also represents the use of religion to control the society. It’s a symbol of the power influence of science and technology on society. “And if anything should go wrong, there’s soma”.
Old Major uses his theories of these the same way that Karl Marx did, and that was to sway people to believe in you and your beliefs. Old Major and Karl Marx are both so alike, but are also different, as one was a pig, and the other one was a real person. They both help there societies out greatly, but never get to see the rewards of their work. The Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx and Old Majors speech in the book are both great sources of what communism is. Communism is a stateless, classless society in which all are equal, and have a common ownership of everything in that certain society.
They went into contest and Arachne had won, out of spite Athena turned her into a spider so she could weave forever. Now when we look back upon history is it really likely that this ever happen? Now it seems that there is another really big difference with these two types of religions. In Christianity the followers of God believe that he loves them and of his other followers. But the Greek gods were to be respected and feared.
The Puritan Zeal and Spiritualized Maternalism in “The Birthmark” On the surface it seems that Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short story “The Birthmark” is only cautionary story about the abuse of science. A story about a mad scientist facing the fatal consequences of his overreaching ambition, and his wife dies after taking part in an experiment where the intention is to remove her birthmark and thus make her perfect. From this point of view the moral of the story seems simple and straightforward. But it is a mistake to read the story as only concerning science and scientists. Hawthorne is actually commenting on the American psyche as a whole, indeed the Western psyche in the larger context.