Rome Essay

400 WordsAug 19, 20122 Pages
The Roman Empire was one of the greatest and most influential civilisations in world history. It began in the city of Rome in 753 BC and lasted for well over 1000 years. During that time Rome grew to rule much of Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa. Here is a timeline of some of the major events in the history of Ancient Rome. 753 BC - The city of Rome is founded. Legend has it that the twin sons of Mars, named Romulus and Remus founded the city. 509 BC - Rome becomes a republic. There is a constitution with laws and a complex republican government. 218 BC - Hannibal invades Italy. Hannibal leads the Carthage army in his famous crossing of the Alps to attack Rome. This is part of the Second Punic war. 45 BC - Julius Caesar becomes the first dictator of Rome. Caesar makes his famous Crossing of the Rubicon and defeats Pompey in a civil war to become the supreme ruler of Rome. This signals the end of the Roman Republic. 44 BC - Julius Caesar is assassinated on the Ides of March by Marcus Brutus. They hope to bring back the republic, but civil war breaks out. 27 BC - The Roman Empire begins as Caesar Augustus becomes the first Roman Emperor. 64 AD - Much of Rome burns. Legend has it that Emperor Nero watched the city burn while playing a lyre. 79ad myt. vesuvius erupts and destropompei 80 AD - The Colosseum is built. One of the great examples of Roman engineering is finished. It can seat 50,000 spectators. |The Roman Empire at its peak in 117 AD - click to get larger view 121 AD - The Hadrian Wall is built. To keep out the barbarians a long wall is built across northern England. 306 AD - Constantine becomes Emperor. Constantine would convert to Christianity and Rome would become a Christian empire. Prior to this Rome persecuted the Christians.

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