Rome Essay

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Study Guide: Test on Greece and Rome Wednesday, December 21, 2011 Multiple Choice Exam Keywords: - Homer, The Odyssey - polis an ancient Greek city-state - acropolis means "high city" in Greek, literally city on the extremity and is usually translated into English as Citad - phalanx A compact or close-knit body of people - Socrates, Plato, Aristotle are philosopher and they disagreed with demo. - “The Republic”- form of government in rome before the empire - Idealism (art)- realism - Pericles- a great leader of Athens that ruled/ directed during the Peloponnesian war, died by plague - Delian League- alliance between greek city-states to fight Persia, Athens leader - Peloponnesian war- war between athens and Sparta - Alexander the Great-need I explain??? - Stoicism- belif that - Hellenistic - Romulus and Remus - Latins/Etruscans - plebeian - patrician - consul - republic - dictator - the 12 Tables - Julius Caesar - Punic Wars - Hannibal - Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus - imperialism - province - latifundia - census - Augustus - Pax Romana - “bread and circus” - Realism (art) - Greco-Roman - Virgil - Pantheon - civil law/ law of nations - satirize - inflation - Huns, Visigoths - mercenary - messiah Questions to consider: - What geographic advantages/disadvantages does Greece have? - How is Greece different (geographically) from the previous civilizations studied in this course? - How might Greece’s geography impact where people settled? How the society developed? - How were the Greeks influenced by the Phoenicians? - What values did the Greeks most aspire to reach? (hint: think about the values set forth in The Odyssey). - How would you describe the basic features of Greek religion? - Why was religion/Greek mythology important to the Greeks? What purpose did it serve? - How was Greek art different

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