Romanticism in a Different Approach Essay

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American Romanticism, like other literary movements, developed on the heels of romantic movements in England. Its beginnings can be traced back to the eighteenth century. In America, it dominated the literary scene from around 1820 to the end of the Civil War and the rise of Realism in 1865. In Romantic literature, the tenets that are stressed most are Nature, Gothicism, and Emotionalism. These tenets are seen many times in the key works of several eighteenth century literary authors. Nature is a characteristic that is discovered in romanticism. The idea of "love vs. nature" is shown many times throughout Hawthorne’s literary works. For example, in Nathaniel Hawthorne short story, “The Birth Mark” he focuses on his love for science than the natural beauty of his wife. In one passage it reads, “Doubt not my power. I have already given this matter the deepest thought-thought which might almost have enlightened me to create a being less perfect than yourself (421).” The narrator is convincing his wife to remove the birth mark on her face because he does not see the natural beauty in it. In the romantic period nature is seen as a natural effect and the narrator overlooks the beauty in her mark and causes his wife to die after removing what he called a “curse”. In addition, In the article “Speaking of the Unspeakable: Hawthorne’s (The Birthmark)” by Jules Zange states, “Hawthorne's particularizing of his theme-the futility of striving for perfection--looks toward and links together two conventionally distinct areas of human experience, marriage and technology, and employs them as what might be called reciprocal metaphor (367).” In the same way, Ralph Waldo Emerson would also be an example of authors who focus on Nature. In Emerson essay, “Self-Reliance” he reveals nature in his belief that God has put the power to handle each individual into the way they think and act

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