There are many reasons for the fall of Rome. The three main reasons are inflation, political corruption, and excessive military spending. There are many more scientific theories, but these three seem to be the most important. Towards the end of the empire, after Marcus Aurelius was emperor, the economy had difficulties with the increase of prices of everything. Since Rome was no longer conquering new lands, they weren't getting the extra money so they turned poor.
During hard times, such as famine, nobles would take the chance to dispossess the peasants. This wouild lead to the decline of the free peasantry and army, which in turn forced the state to rely more and more on expensive foreign mercenaries. This further increased the tax burden on the peasants, which caused more of them to lose their lands, leading to more reliance on mercenaries and so on. This vicious cycle weakened the economy and tax base to the point where the Byzantines could not even afford
The building of huge cathedrals in the middle ages was seen as a reflection of faith. Churches started to give out indulgences- forgiveness of sins to people who helped to build the cathedrals, so often instead of going on crusades people became dedicated to building
There was a genuine desire to build places of worship and prayer and to build a cathedral as a way to pay homage to God. However, the Catholic Church also planned the cathedral as a place which would show ecclesiastical power to any who would see it. "The buildings were for the glory of God, but they also expressed Episcopal prestige and affirmed the bishop's power in the face of his secular rivals." (Duby) Since there
And to top it all off both of these empires fail for similar reasons. The Han Empire collapsed for reasons such as: undetermined emperors could no longer control powerful warlords, weak emperors let canals and roads fall into disrepair, because of the weak government people started to turn on each other and lose control. But the most important reason for the empire collapsing was because of the economic inequality. Burdened by heavy taxes and crushing debt many peasants revolted destroying the civilization. While this collapse took very little time to happen, the Roman Empire’s decline took about a century to occur.
After the fall of the Roman Empire there was no stable centralized government in Rome. Different Barbarian civilizations began invasions in Europe. According to historian Frantz Funk-Brentano they raided and destroyed villages and left the people in terror. Brentano also said that to avoid the violence people tried to abandon their fields (Doc. 1).
The downward spiral began with the degeneration of the army that weaken the defenses and made them more vulnerable to Germanic invasions. These invasions led to economic disruptions which combined with other deteriorating conditions led the Roman’s to look increasingly to mystery cults and reject the rational thought of the Greeks. The presentation points out that as economic disruptions continued to deteriorate Rome’s fate was sealed. The date that is assigned to the final demise of the Roman Empire is A.D. 476 when a Germanic emperor was placed on the throne. The presentation reminds us that only the western part of the empire fell.
The sultan lost touch with society because he stayed in his palace. He spent all of the Empire’s money on luxuries and expensive items for himself. He lost control of the empire and it became very decentralized. The power of the empire was crumbling and the sultan didn’t care about the economy of his empire because he was cut off from society. Also during the 19th century, they had a major economic decline.
Rome was falling to its knees. One of the main reasons of why the Roman empire declined is because of their Army. Before the year 400 C.E. foot soldiers wore breastplates, helmets, and other kind of armor as well, which was vital for protection of course. But when, because of their carelessness and laziness, ground drills and were abandoned.
The Native Americans started becoming less and less powerful towards the Europeans, there population was small to begin with and with the epidemics diseases and the land and food shortages, they were almost wiped out of there population. The surviving Natives either converted to Christianity and joined puritan communities, to alcoholism, would sell most of there land to the Europeans and drove others to war. The Native Americans was in much struggle not just against the European empires but also between the new European immigrants. The Europeans had quickly established there dominance, displacing natives until they had created societies that were dominated entirely by the Europeans. As the Natives did not know about 'nations' the Europeans had came from a world where 'Formal institution and military power of a nation or empire governed the relationship between societies'.