Athenian and Roman Democracy Athens and Rome had two very different forms of government. These two forms of governing were efficient in their own ways. But success only came to the Roman Republic because of how they managed to keep control of Rome. Basically, the Romans did not let everyone participate in the government. Instead, the people chose officials to represent them.
Han China vs. Imperial Rome The methods of political control used in Han China (206 B.C.E-220 C.E.) were similar to that of Imperial Rome (31 B.C.E-476 C.E. ); however, these societies greatly differed on their oppositions of governing and the techniques used in maintaining control over citizens, expansions, and their falls. Han China and Imperial Rome had similar governments because they were ruled under one central leader, however, Han China had an emperor that enforced policies and Imperial Rome had a republic because they felt the monarchy did no good to the people. The Senate of Rome had most control over the citizens.
The Legislative Branch’s Senate, Congress, and House of Representatives can impeach the President. Impeach means to charge a public leader with misconduct in office. This limits the Executive’s power to make decisions disapproved by the Legislative. The Senate has to approve all Presidential appointments. This means anybody appointed by the President then has to be approved by Senate.
The Elected Magistrates * Tribunes: * 2 to 10 men served * Had the power to convene the Plebeian Council and to act as its president. * Had right to propose legislation before it. * They were sacrosanct, in the sense that any assault on their person was prohibited. * They had the power to veto actions taken by magistrates and the power to specifically to intervene legally on behalf of plebeians. * Summon the Senate and lay proposals before it.
Assess the changing roles and responsibilities of the Senate during the reign of Tiberius. INTRODUCTION Although characterised as the reign of terror in the Tacitean tradition, Tiberius was very effective in maintaining the dyarchy with the Senate established by Augustus. Due to his conservative Claudian background, Tiberius wished to see the Senate act as an autonomous body and even extended its role to incorporate judicial and legislative functions whilst consulting it on matters regarding foreign policy. Ancient historians are generally negative in regards to Tiberius’ relationship with the senate due to their inherent political bias led by the Tacitean view. Modern historians however provide a more balanced perspective attributing the loss of the Senates power largely to their subservience rather than the tyrannical nature of the principate.
Filibusters can bring the work of the Senate to a halt because of the lack of restrictions for debate on the floor of the Senate. Extreme Partisanship causes tension between the members of the Senate, bringing about little compromise. Although the Senate has problems, they can be fixed with more restrictions on the members. Interest groups have a big hold on the Senators. With the Senators looking to please their supporters, to gain money for campaigning and votes, this puts pressure on the Senators to vote with the interest groups when voting on important legislations.
Since if the ‘Nobles’ wish to have power, they must ensure sure when they exercise it, they do in a way that satisfies the ‘People’s’ wishes. However, the problem of lesser republics was that the ‘Nobles’ were often acting in their own interests (ex// an oligarchy) because they was no means to regulate their behaviours since they had no one to answer to besides themselves. For instance, “when the Roman nobility became overbearing,… the people rose up against them, with the result that, in order to not lose all of their power, the nobles were obliged to concede a share of their power to the people” (92). Therefore, Machiavelli argues that by empowering the ‘People’ to participate in political process, the ‘Nobles’ are ultimately restricted to exercise their power in a way to address their ‘People’s’ issues. That is not to say that the ‘Nobles’ are the only ones who are restricted in regards to their actions.
HOW WAS ROME GOVERNED? * Rome, in its earliest days, was governed by kings. However, Ancient Rome then developed its own form of Government that allowed the Romans to govern themselves. * For a society that used its feared army to conquer other nations and reduced people to slavery, Rome was remarkably democratic when its own people were concerned. * Citizens of Rome would gather at an assembly to elect their own officials.
First, all legislative power is vested in the house of reps and the senate, and within this broad function, Congress is given special powers to appropriate monies, raise armies and regulate interstate commerce. Second, the house of reps has the right to declare war. Lastly, the Senate is given the power to ratify treaties and approve appointments by the president to the judiciary and executive branch. However, it has been suggested that Congress is the broken branch of the three branches of government because of how well it performs its functions and powers. 1st paragraph Main function – legislature The Philadelphia Convention 1787 gave Congress the power of being the primary law making body in the US.
The leader of the most powerful elected party would usually then be appointed Chancellor by the President. The Chancellor could then choose his own Cabinet from the elected deputies. The Chancellor and the Cabinet answered to the Reichstag, so they were reliant upon the support of the majority of deputies. The President could dismiss the Chancellor and either call new elections or appoint an alternative Chancellor. The Reichstag debated issues and voted on proposed laws.