What also made the aqueducts so remarkable is that the Romans were able to calculate the angle of slope that was required in order to maintain water flow while still achieving the finish point. These are a few examples of how the Romans were not only brilliant with their architectural design and arithmetic but also on how to manage their use of supplies. Without aqueducts, much of Rome would have potentially died due to their nearby
For example, Huan Tan, an upper-class Han philosopher wrote in New Discourses (Document III) of an emperor of myth inventing and refining the pestle and mortar for all people. This emperor even went so far as to introduce hydropower to greater aid people in the use of these new tools he had brought to the world. The fact that this Chinese philosopher attributes this to a mythical creation shows that innovation is important culturally to the views of the Han in terms of innovation. An example of the Romans’ appreciation of innovation is given by Frontinus in Document VIII. Frontinius, a Roman general, and the water commissioner for the city of Rome.
The ship’s record-breaking length also meant that Lusitania would have to be launched diagonally. Lusitania was 787 feet long, longer than the river Clyde was wide. The shipbuilders took advantage of where a tributary met the river Clyde to maximize the length available for Lusitania to slide and float. Instead of the traditional method of shipbuilding where construction starts at both ends and meets in the middle, Lusitania’s construction started at the bow and moved towards the stern. The reason for this was actually because the plans for Lusitania’s engines and stern had not yet been finalized.
ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Kasey Simas HIS 103 World Civilizations I Instructor Max Fassnacht January 28, 2013 ROMAN TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING Roman empires flourished, which can largely be attributed to the emperors that created government, laws, cities, military, and many buildings and structures. This would not be possible without the use of technology. In order to talk about roman technology and engineering we must first understand what technology is. Technology is “the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science (technology, n.d.).” The Pantheon is a great example of Roman architecture. Most historians believe Emperor Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa built the first Pantheon in 27BC, though no one knows its exact age.
The site of the building was once occupied by and artificial lake. Like other amphitheatres, the coliseum was elliptical in shape. Semi-circle arches and barrel vaults were used in the building of the Roman Coliseum (Building an Empire and a Legacy). The large coliseum could contain approximately 50,000 people (Ms. Kratzert 03/18/12). Not only was the arena a masterpiece, but it was also had a lot of different activities that went on.
12-20-10 The Han and Romans were very large empires that existed from 200 B.C.E through 200 C.E. Technology was key to both empires but they both had different views on technology. Both empires used water to their advantage but the way they used it was different, for example the Han used water to benefit the everyday man while the Romans built the aqueducts, which only benefitted people that had homes. The way they treated the people was different because the Han followed Confucius’ teachings while the Romans were selfish towards the people. The Romans and Han had a huge thing in common which was that they felt superior to the rest of the world.
Han and Roman Technology DBQ The Han and Roman societies had varying views about technology. The Hans however recognized technology as a much more valuable idea while the Romans saw it as something not as necessary. In document 1 a Han government official wrote to local officials telling them to establish more water conservation offices. He wrote in detail how he wanted it to be organized such as the scheduling of waterway inspections and hiring workers experienced with the “ways of the water.” This shows that this Han government official favored technology because he believed that the water conservation offices would be beneficial. Document 2 is written by Huan Guan, another Han government official, stating his views on the iron tools used to make salt and iron.
The Pantheon in Rome as basis was built from pozzolana- a volcanic ash used as a lightweight concrete. It is abundant in Italy but not in Istanbul so they have to find a replacement for it. Having a dome 56 m. high and 31 m. across and a nave three times wider than any Gothic churches was a big problem. The plan is the dome will sit at the top of four arches each 31 m wide, but the dome can only sit correctly at the top of the arch. Without support it will crack and crush.
From the beginning of time, mankind has developed many distinct methods of construction. These architectural methods have advanced from round huts to pyramids to skyscrapers. Over the years, designers from many different cultures have improved ways of constructing buildings in order to create those of the highest quality. One culture, in specific, that is well-known for its excellence in architectural design is that of Ancient Rome. They are most famous for their architecture, based on the new ideas and materials that they established.
Oval in shape, it had incredible interconnecting corridors that would lead to six tiers of seats, thus allowing a huge audience to sit within its walls. One can only imagine the atmosphere and acoustics within such a place in its time. It is believed by many researchers that Roman design was based on Greek precedent, in my opinion Roman and Greek architecture appear to stand together in many aspects of their designs, yet the Romans seem to have been able to take everything one step further in order to ‘outdo’ the Greeks, for example-they recreated the use of mortar within buildings by using concrete, as well as stone and brick. Roman architecture was founded upon many new structural techniques. Both the column and the arch had been seen before, but the Romans based their work on the arch and its structural principles which had not been done previously.