This was the first time the body had met since 1614. Angered by Louis' refusal to allow the three estates - the first (clergy), second (nobles) and third (commons) - to meet simultaneously, the Third Estate proclaimed itself a national assembly, declaring that only it had the right to represent the nation. Nonetheless, against a background of military defeat by Austria and Prussia, the revolutionary leadership was becoming increasingly radicalised. In September 1792, the new National Convention abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. Louis was found guilty of treason and executed at the guillotine on January 21, 1793.
For a long time you refused to acknowledge the Declaration of the Rights of Man. You doubled the number of your bodyguards and summoned the Flanders Regiment to Versailles. In orgies held before your very eyes your permitted the national cockade to be trampled under foot, the white cockade to be raised, and the nation blasphemed; finally, you occasioned a new insurrection, caused the death of several citizens, and only after the defeat of
The storming of the Bastille in July 1789 was seen to signify the end of the ancien regime and the beginning of the French Revolution. This unplanned and impromptu attack came after a build up of events in Paris and across France, which caused tension and unrest in the city. One could argue that there are underlying long term issues which contributed to the uprising of the Parisian crowd. The French economy was suffering which had detrimental effects on the people living in Paris. The economy was reliant on agriculture and during the 1780s there were disastrous harvests causing prices to rapidly increase in urban areas.
During the first seven years of the twentieth century, Russia suffered a mass political civil war which included multiple political parties attempting to overthrow the current government. Terrorism, civil unrest, work strikes, and military bombings spread panic throughout Russia. After the brief but destructive civil war, Nicholas II was able to declare himself the absolute leader of Russia and the Autocracy was restored. In the end of the civil war several political parties were made legal including the then minority group Bolsheviks. Composition IV’s picture plane is divided into two sides, a left and a right.
The assassination had a violent and turbulent aftermath. Immediately following the shoot, Anti-Serb rioting broke out all over Austria-Hungary. Numerous bombings and murders took place over the following month, finally leading up to the outbreak of World War I. When compared with the murder of Duncan in Macbeth, it is obvious that the assassination of Franz Ferdinand had different motives. In Macbeth, the Thane of Cawdor is persuaded to murder the newly named King Duncan in order to gain the title for himself.
The St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre was instigated by the French Wars of Religion, the Peace of Saint-Germain-en-laye, and the religion crossing wedding of Henry of Navarre and Margaruite de Valois. The conflicts escalated to war fare after an attempted assassination of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny was made. Catherine de’ Medici was the Queen of France from 1547-1559 until King Henry died, along with his heir, making her ten year old son Charles IX king. Catherine continued to rule until August of 1563 when Charles IX declared his majority, but she still ruled through her son (Britannica). Catherine
This violent act from the people stemmed from the poor economic situation in France as by Spring 1789, the average Parisian worker was spending 88% of their wage on bread as prices were so highly inflated. When Necker was dismissed popular demonstrations in Paris began and a hunt for weapons began which led them to the Bastille, where mob of 150,000 stole 30,000 muskets and began to destroy the prison, which partly symbolised what was wrong with the ancient regime. This was so significant as this signalled that the kind had lost control of Paris which allowed the Paris Commune to be set up on July 15th, and share power with the king, also meaning that the National Assembly was a no able to draw up a constitution without the threat of the king dictating the Assembly. This was huge for Paris as it now meant the people were
| France | | January 21,1793 | [Enter description]The Execution of King Louis XVI by the Guillotine Took Place at Place de la Revolution or Translated as Revolution Square, Formerly Known as Place Louis XV | Paris | | August 22, 1795 | [Enter description] The Constitution of 22 August 1795 which was also known as the Constitution of the Year III, or Commonly Referred to as the Constitution of 5 Fructidor was the National Constitution of France ratified by the National Convention. | France | | November 15–17, 1796 | [Enter description]The Battle of Arcole or sometimes known as the Battle of Arcola was fought between French and Austrian forces as part of
The empire was then declared war on by Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sweden, and Austria. Quickly putting an army together of untrained and horribly prepared soldiers he faced the other European nations in Leipzig, a city in Germany. In 1814 Napoleon was denied the access to keep fighting and surrendered. Then he was exiled to Elba and was thought to never be a threat again. However when he heard of New king Louis XVIII struggling for power, Napoleon escaped Elba and returned to be welcomed again by France.
The rising price of bread and the locking of the third estate out of its meeting hall were short term causes of the revolution which many Parisians and French citizens were angered by. Finally, the spark that ignited the revolution was the ordering of the Swiss guards to Paris by Louis the XVI, which appeared too many Parisians as a direct threat to them and the National Assembly. These causes had a huge influence on the break if revolution in 1789 and were the main reasons to the downfall of the French empire and Louis the XVI. The first cause of the French Revolution was the Ancien Regime which caused chaos between the different estates and left the people deeply divided. The people of France were divided into three estates.