Once the revolution was over ending in the death of King Louie the XVI, Maximilien Robbespierre came to power. Robbespierre eventually became the dictator of France. He executed over 4,000 people with a Guillotine leading to the Reign of Terror. The years of 1793 and 1794 about 40,000 people were killed. Eventually, Robbespierre was executed by his own method of execution.
The Cry of Dolores marked the beginning of the long and bloody Mexican War of Independence, which would not conclude until 1821. Millions were killed or displaced in this long conflict. During his trial, Hidalgo seemed to understand what he had wrought and recanted his actions, perhaps foreseeing the bloodbath to come. The Cry of Dolores was the spark that ignited the tinderbox of long pent-up resentment of the Spanish in Mexico. Taxes had been raised to pay for fiascoes like the disastrous (for Spain) 1805 Battle of Trafalgar and in 1808 Napoleon invaded Spain, deposed the king and placed his brother Joseph Bonaparte on the throne.
Eleven people were killed and the radicals were given a huge propaganda boost by referring to the event as ‘Peterloo’, in a grim analogy with the Duke of Wellington's famous victory over Napoleon at Waterloo four years earlier. This shows that the government did think Britain was on the verge of a revolution if they had to have authorities to disperse the crowd by force. This also shows the unrest Britain had as a whole, to the way Britain was governed. In response to the Duke of Wellington’s return to government, reform leaders made plans to bring the country to a halt by having their supporters withdraw funds from the banks, using the slogan: ‘To stop the Duke, go for Gold’. The crisis was averted.
The Parisian people proceeded to attack the fortress to possess military supplies and weapons in defense. The common people completely destroyed the Bastille. To the people of Paris, the Bastille was a symbol of the Absolute Monarchy, and the destruction of it, the end of the Absolute Monarchy. The destruction of the Bastille was seen as the beginning of the French Revolution for it was the first successful attack against the Absolute Monarchy. Many successful revolts and movements would accumulate following Bastille Day.
This introduced a new government called the National Convention, which was led by Robespierre. Robespierre brought up a period of time during 1793 called the Reign of Terror. Many people were killed and imprisoned, and the clergy had a new set of rules with one including that the priests have to marry. In 1794, the National Convention voted for the execution of Robespierre. After the death of Robespierre, a new government was introduced called The Directory.
The Jacobins were a political organization of the French Revolution. They wanted to punish monarchy and they were a democracy. During the Reign of Terror the Jacobins beheaded many people, but went too far. Soon the leader, Robespierre, was eventually beheaded and the Jacobins were no more. 22.
The war ends in 1763 with the treaty of Hubertusburg. Son of Francis I, Joseph II, became Holy Roman Emperor in 1765 but his mother Maria Theresa still had most the power until she died in 1780 at age 63. Leopold II, brother of Joseph II, became Holy Roman Emperor after his brother’s death in 1790. In 1792 Leopold died and was succeeded by his son Francis II the last Holy Roman Emperor. In 1792 France declared war on the Holy Roman Empire Starting the War of the First Coalition.
When this all ended, prices on good went up causing a grain shortage. To try and stop this, Rome became split between the populares and the optimates. Populares gained the support of the people while the optimates wanted to save the Republic and keep power in the Senate (129). This split created Civil Wars in Rome in 123 to 46 BC. The confrontation arose with the question of how to protect the people from those desiring power.
Five forms of terrorism are state terrorism, religious terrorism, issue orientated terrorism, narco- terrorism, and right wing terrorism. Every type of terrorism confines with the perspective of intimidation by an individual or group to get attention enact political change or have authority over political power. The French Monarch in 1793 was undoing and loss power which lead to the revolutionary dictatorship. After the revolutionary dictatorship came into action, anyone who was opposed of the new enrollment were to be killed Furthermore, during the twentieth centuries states started to use violence amongst their own people. Which configures to be state terrorism.
In England, the Peasants' Revolt of 1381 was caused also by aristocratic frustration over the post plague era. English nobles used their power to subdue the peasant fortune through legislation. But the immediate cause to the revolt was the poll tax instated by the government. The peasants reacted and successfully fought back. To stop the madness, King Richard II accepted the peasant demands and eliminated the poll tax (Spielvogel, 280).