The period from approximately 1930 to 1950 was marked by the establishment of the field and the development of a number of general systems. Gordon Allport (1937, as cited in McAdams, 2009) viewed personality psychology as the study of the individual person-an idiographic approach to personality-and how that individual adjusted to his environment. During that period however, other Psychologists had a nomothetic approach to personality in which personality emphasized how people were different from one another, as well as how they were alike. American psychology searched for universal laws that applied to all organisms instead of individualized studies. The period from 1950 to 1970 marked a second historical phase.
Behaviors are stimulated and habits are created, habits are behaviors through repetition, can be performed with minimal conscious awareness, and are capable of being elicited by various discriminative stimuli, such as environment cues, moods, feelings or other behaviors (Terry, 2009). I believe that both Behaviorism and Cognitive Revolution theories apply to psychology and the developing of human behaviors and intelligence. References: Skinner, B. F. (1989). The origins of cognitive thought. American Psychologist, 44(1), 13-18. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.44.1.13 Terry, W. S. (2009).
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1998; 37(1): 35-9. 29 Reinecke MA, Ryan NE, DuBois DL. Cognitive-behavioral therapy of depression and depressive symptoms during adolescence: a review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1998; 37(1):
Genetic variations, societal influences, cognitive factors, childhood experiences, individual goals and choices, and other aspects of personality have been described by different theorists and researches as components of personality (Cloninger, 1996). This essay will provide a comprehensive look at three theories of personality 1. Psychodynamic theories – Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory and Erikson’s Psychosocial theory 2. Behavioural/Learning Theories – Skinner’s Behaviourism and Bandura’s Social Learning theory. and 3.
Craddock N, O'Donovan MC, Owen MJ (2005), The genetics of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: dissecting psychosis. J Med Genet 42(3):193-204. Dohrenwend BP, Levav I, Shrout PE et al. (1992), Socioeconomic status and psychiatric disorders: the causation-selection issue. Science 255(5047):946-952.
Title: Learning Styles: Concepts and Evidence. Authors: Pashler, Harold1 firstname.lastname@example.org McDaniel, Mark2 Rohrer, Doug3 Bjork, Robert4 Source: Psychological Science in the Public Interest (Wiley-Blackwell). Dec2008, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p105-119. 15p.