But Austen did not approve of it. In her novel Pride and Prejudice gives preference to a marriage which is based on love. In her novel, Austen presents several contrasting attitudes to marriage.The five Bennet sisters - Elizabeth, or Lizzie, Jane, Lydia, Mary and Kitty - have been raised well aware of their mother's fixation on finding them husbands and securing set futures. There are mainly four attitudes to marriage are presented in the novel: the marriage for money, marriage for the satisfaction of bodily desires, marriage based on the physical look and marriage for love. Marriage of Mr. Collins and Charlotte: At first, “marriage for money”- this attitude is presented through Mr. Collins and Charlotte.
There are three particular attitudes towards marriage present; marriage predominantly for material wealth and societal position; marriage for aesthetic and passionate reason with no regard to wealth; and the ideal marriage which consists of true love, wealth, social status and personal merit. “Single women have a dreadful propensity for being poor, which is one very strong argument in favour of matrimony.” Jane Austen in a letter to Fanny Knight, (1817). In this letter Austen is reiterating the position women were in at a time when land ownership was patriarchal, and women were predominantly reliant on men for most things. Pride and Prejudice shows how important money, social class and behaviour were in determining many aspects of life, for example, who should be given respect, who has power and privilege and whom should marry who. It could be argued that Austen sees the concept of marriage as necessity rather than choice, which she examines and analyses through her characters and their respective partners.
Charlotte's acceptance of Mr. Collins’ proposal is a prime example; “marriage had always been her object; it was the only honourable provision for well-educated young women of small fortune, and however uncertain of giving happiness, must be their pleasantest preservative from want” (p105)1. Austen makes use of Charlotte's character to illustrate the social norms for women of the time. Charlotte's reaction to Collins' proposal is cleverly juxtaposed with Elizabeth's own values and more romantic views on marriage, as she is offered his proposal first; “You could not make me happy, and I am convinced that I am the last woman in the world that could make you so”(p92)2. Elizabeth's concerns are predominately her overall happiness and mental wellbeing, as opposed to her anxieties about her future financial security. These oppositions of values offer the reader a chance to balance their own views on the sanctity of marriage.
In the past, divorce was seen as a negative thing, as society at the time was more religious and also churches never allowed people to remarry. In 1997 a survey was carried out which found out that divorce was quickly becoming “normalised” and it was socially acceptable for people to be divorced and even remarried. The views on women and equality have changed recently too. Employment of women has increased over the last year and this has increases their financial independence, so a husband is no longer a necessity for financial security. They can also receive a range of government benefits to
From the first few lines of conversation between the Bennets, Austen shows the reader that theirs is not a happy marriage, nor a marriage of equality. Their marriage was based on a need for money and social status not a marriage reached through love or even any such feeling towards one another. As well as it not being a loving relationship, Mr and Mrs Bennet have completely different personalities. Mr Bennet seems to be an intellectual man who likes to sit quietly and read, whereas Mrs Bennet gives the impression of being slightly eccentric and focuses solely on getting her daughters married. Austen tells us that Mr Bennet was “a mixture of quick parts, sarcastic, humour, reserve and caprice”, where Mrs Bennet is “a woman of mean understanding, little information, and uncertain temper”.
Jane Austen, the author of Pride and Prejudice, holds feminist views and uses the novel to show her opinions about women’s issues. Pride and Prejudice is a personal essay, a statement of Jane Austen’s feelings about the perfect lady, marriage, and the relationship between the sexes. Jane Austen’s characters, plot, and dialogue are biased to reflect her beliefs. The biased process and importance of marriage are introduced with the first line of the book. Jane Austen writes: “It is a truth universally acknowledged that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife.
Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest mocks Victorian love and marriage through different characters in 19th century England, which is wittingly displayed using satire. Aristocrats such as Gwendolen and her mother Lady Bracknell both hold contrasting views, which includes what they feel is required in a life partner. Lady Bracknell strongly believes marriage is just a financial agreement and will not let her daughter marry a man who has no status in society. On the other hand, Gwendolen believes love triumphs over wealth, but Wilde seems to change her meaning of love. So is marriage really a result of love or can it be possible that it is simply just a business contract?
Introduction We find ourselves in relationships and in most cases within marriage where we have lost affect communication with who we are romantically engaged with all together. Women hear their husbands or boyfriends say’ “Who are you anyway?” or “She’s not the same person I married.” And how about the women who complain to their friends about how their men have changed. The truth is that there is not enough self-disclosure in relationships. Self-disclosure is the main ingredient to successful relationships and allowing partners to know who they have and not just what differences they have. Facing what researchers have found self-disclosure and what it looks like, the importance of it and how it’s related to approval in relationships, gender differences and similarities, and where the writer fits into the generalizations regarding gender will determine that sharing personal feelings with others can build and maintain healthy relationships and marriage regardless of differences in gender.
Jane Austen at the beginning of her novel criticized the society at her time with the use of irony in the following words "IT is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife" But to understand these words better according to realty of the British society in the nineteenth century, I will manipulate the words order and it will become as follow" IT is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single woman must be in want of a husband in possession of a good fortune Women of the mid-19th century had no many choices. Most lived in a state little better than slavery. They had to obey men, because in most cases men held all the resources and women had no independent means of subsistence. A wealthy widow or spinster was a lucky exception. A woman who remained single would attract social disapproval and pity.
We see examples of both these roles of marriage through various characters within Pride and Prejudice. Jane Austen uses the characters in Pride and Prejudice to emphasize the theme of the importance of marriage, and its dual abillity to both preserve the established social structure and act as a bridge between the ranks of society. Marriage in the upper class was primarily for maintaining and increasing wealth, and preserving the status-quo of a wealthy, high class family. Those in the higher class were excessively prideful - or as Mary would put, vain--towards their position in society, and did not appreciate the ease with which one of lower status could come to be wealthy through marriage. The prestigious members of the upper class generally had little respect towards the lower class with less money, and didn’t wish for them to damage, or even contaminate a family’s reputation through marriage to a person of status high above their own.