Role Development Of Nurse Anesthetists

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Running head: ROLE DEVELOPMENT OF NURSE ANESTHETISTS Study of Role Development of Nurse Anesthetists Study of Role Development of Nurse Anesthetists Much confusion exists over the roles held by professionals involved in the delivery and monitoring of anesthetics. Through an extended review of literature, the author intends to clarify the historical background, educational requirements, role characteristics, current practice settings, and existing professional organizations as well as resources available to Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs). The American Association of Nurse Anesthetists [AANA] (2009) claims that nurses trained in anesthesia were the first group of professionals to deliver anesthesia in the United States (U.S.). The AANA mentions that the discipline’s origin dates from the late 1800s and today, nurse anesthesia is seen as the profession’s oldest specialty group. Over the years, the nurse anesthesia specialty evolved to meet the demands of surgeons in quest of a solution to the high morbidity and mortality caused by anesthesia. As pioneers in anesthesia, nurse anesthetists actively participated in the fine-tuning of anesthesia delivery techniques and equipment improvement. The AANA (2009) recognizes Sister Mary Bernard as the first nurse who chose anesthesia as a specialty. She was a Catholic nun who entered St. Vincent's Hospital in Erie, Pennsylvania, to assume the duties of anesthetist in 1877 (AANA). At the end of the nineteenth century, the art of anesthesia improved greatly with the contribution of Alice Magaw. While working for the famous Dr. William J. and Charles H. Mayo as a nurse anesthetist, Magaw published evidence-based articles on open-drop inhalation technique using ether or chloroform (AANA). She is widely known throughout the medical community for having delivered 14,000

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