Other famous musicians at this time period were Blind Lemon Jefferson, Lead belly, and Memphis Minnie. Furthermore, the birth of Rhythm and Blues, which included genres such as Gospel music, Doo Wop, Spirituals, Chicago Blues, and Urban Blues. African Americans migrated to cities and collaborated music and formed groups. The rhythm section included: bass, drums, electric guitar and piano. Some great Urban Blues musicians were T-Bone Walker and B.B.
The minority group emphasized the unconventional and irrational ideas of a generation which was read for change from society (Egendorf 24). Consequently, variety in opinions and styles introduced the separation that was crucial for the hippie identification. There are various identifiable figures for early rock and roll; but perhaps the most recognized as being the first legend of the rock and roll sound was Elvis Presley. Elvis was born in 1935 and grew up in the south in Tupelo, Mississippi (Egendorf 30). Elvis eventually migrated north and would go on to produce songs such as “That’s All Right, Mama,” which set up his influx into rock and roll history (Egendorf 38).
Usually known for its loud guitars and colorful behavior, rock music starts to have its own identity by the early 1950’s. When it first appeared, it was originally named Rock n Roll. The phrase rock and roll used to have two meanings: it appeared to mean dancing, but it also had a sexual meaning. Rock music comes from a mixture of old R&B, country, western, African American blues and jazz (rock N roll).There is a general conclusion that rock n roll arose in the southern United States. The migration of African Americans to the Northern states resulted in a clash of different fashions, sounds, and movements (rock and roll wiki).
Aidan Ford Jazz Music Jazz music first began in the late 1880’s and is a mix of African music and modern day European music of that time. Jazz music was originally started by the African Americans of New Orleans, which is why New Orleans is infamous for its jazz artists. As time went on new jazz artists formed rose up out of New Orleans. As the news of jazz spread throughout America, the people began to love it and it became one of the most famous genres of music in the 1920’s and 30’s. Jazz became so popular during these times, because life in America back than was rough for a lot of people.
The emergence of jazz formed as social state of affairs between the black and white populations in late 19th century. The white wanted to keep the black slavery under control while the African-Americans propelled to develop and maintain their own culture and traditions. Jazz, as a unique genre of music, represented their traditions and experiences and passed down through generations. These included ragtime, an upbeat primarily piano-based style, and the blues, rooted in the work songs of the Southern plantation and sharecropping tradition. The difference between these two styles involves artists, major composition and influence.
Some musicians which he has influenced are: Eric Clapton, Robert Plant, and ZZ Top (Kirkpatrick 50). Clapton had previously said, “Muddy took the music of the Delta plantation, transplanted it in a Chicago nightclub, surrounded it in a electric band, and changed the course of popular music forever” (qtd. in Kirkpatrick 50-51). The styles of both the Blues and the nearly synonymous Gospels are practically interchangeable; Blues songs can be transformed into Gospel songs and vice versa. With that being said, both styles have their own sounds and meanings (Mississippi Blues Commission).
Rockabilly music is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, dating to the early 1950’s in the United States. The term of rockabilly is a mixture between both Rock and Roll music, and Hillbilly music. Hillbilly music contributed strongly to the styles development, whereas western swing, boogie woogie, and rhythm and blues were also important influences. One of the major forces behind the creation of Rock and Roll along with Jump blues, and the vocal group phenomenon, Rockabilly was the rural white artist’s response to blues music, a style which developed naturally as “race,” began to sell across the south. An even bigger factor in the development of the style was radio.
The danceable swing style of big bands and bandleaders such as Benny Goodman was the dominant form of American popular music from 1935 to 1946, a period known as the Swing Era. The verb "to swing" is also used as a term of praise for playing that has a strong rhythmic "groove" or drive. History: 1920s: Origins The styles of jazz that were popular from the late teens through the late 1920s were usually played with rhythms with a two beat feel, and often attempted to reproduce the style of contrapuntal improvisation developed by the first generation of jazz musicians in New Orleans. In the late 1920s, however, larger ensembles using written arrangements became the norm, and a subtle stylistic shift took place in the rhythm, which developed a four beat feel with a smoothly syncopated style of playing the melody, while the rhythm section supported it with a steady four to the bar. Like jazz, swing was created by African Americans, and its impact on the overall American culture was such that it marked and named an entire era of the USA, the swing era – as the 1920s had been termed "The Jazz Age".
With many Africans settling into the beautiful landscape of Jamaica, new musical dawns were on the horizon. While enslaved, Africans developed a new form of music and dance which was known as Mento. Mento remained popular until the 1940s, however, during the early 50s, popular music in Jamaica was usually of US origin. In the late 1950s “Ska” another Jamaican musical innovation emerged. In the mid 60s”Rock Steady”-a slower tempo with emphasis on syncopation-grew out of “Ska”.