Robinson Crusoe Essay

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Chapter III Sin and Punishment in Robinson Crusoe 3.1 Context Daniel Defoe was born in 1660 in London, England. He became a merchant and participated in several failing businesses, facing bankruptcy and aggressive creditors. He was also a creator of political pamphleteer, which landed him in prison for slander. He was the son of James Foe, a London butcher. Daniel later changed his name to Daniel Defoe, wanting to sound more courteous. Defoe graduated from an academy at Newington Green. He travelled often, selling such goods as wine and wool, but was rarely out of debt. He went bankrupt in 1692, and by 1703, he decided to leave the business industry. (McGowan: 1976, 2) Defoe published his first literary piece, a political pamphlet in 1683 due to his political interest. He continued to write political works, working as a journalist, until the early 1700s. Many of Defoe's works during this period directed as support for King William III, also known as "William Henry of Orange". Some of his most popular works include The True-Born Englishman, which shed light on racial prejudice in England following attacks on William for being a foreigner; and the Review, a periodical that was published from 1704 to 1713, during the reign of Queen Anne, King William II's successor. Political opponents of Defoe's repeatedly imprisoned him for his writings in 1713. In 1917, Defoe took a new literary path when he published Robinson Crusoe. Soon after, a handful of novels followed—often with scoundrels and criminals as lead characters—including Moll Flanders, Colonel Jack, Captain Singleton, Journal of the Plague Year and his last main fiction piece, Roxana (1724).Defoe died on April 24, 1731. .( Rollyson, 2001, 232) The eighteenth century in English literature is called the Augustan Age, the Neoclassical Age, and the

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