However, as time went on, more and more citizens grew sick of not having alcohol, and tried to work their way around the liquor ban. Luckily for them, the Volstead Act contained some loopholes, which the public immediately took advantage of. Throughout Prohibition, some distilleries were still allowed to produce "medicinal whiskey". Bootleggers (alcohol smugglers) quickly discovered that running a pharmacy was the perfect front for their actual trade. Due to this, the number of pharmacists in the state of New York more than tripled during the Prohibition era.
In 1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt won the presidency in a landslide victory over Herbert Hoover (President at that time). He implemented many ideas to get the nation out of the depression. He based his ideas off of three principles; relief, recovery, and reform. Roosevelt’s “New Deal” was tremendously successful as it improved the nation’s economy and lowered the enormously high unemployment rate. The event that started the Great Depression was “Black Tuesday.” On this day, the stock market crashed.
Al Capone The prohibition era was the time of a lot of great mobsters in American history. Al Capone and Johnny Torrio were two of the most important gangsters to make an impact on organized crime in America. The most influential, however, was Al Capone. Al Capone had an influence on organized crime in the 1920’s by taking over Johnny Torrio’s gang, the St. Valentine’s Days Massacre, and by building a criminal empire in Chicago before dying of Syphilis. This symbolic crime figure began his days in Brooklyn, New York where he was born to poor Italian immigrants on January 17, 1899.
Likewise an illustration of a decline in social morality was the rise of the Ku Klux Klan. Taking advantage of the fear of communism and anti-immigrants attitudes, the Ku Klux Klan used them as excuses to oppose people of other races and religions by attacking and lynching people that were not white, including the Roman Catholics, Jews, African American, and foreign-born people. Surprisingly, by 1924 the organization memberships, mostly white male persons and native-born gentile citizens, reached a huge number of 4.5 million. Fortunately, KKK’s criminal activities later led to a decrease of its power in
USA Revision Notes How far did the US economy boom in the 1920’s? How far did US society change in 1920’s? • Sacco and Vanzetti • Italian immigrants • Reds • Accused of murder • Convicted wrongly • Shows prejudice against reds + foreigners • “The roaring 20’s” • Illegal alcohol • Change of women • Hollywood • Movies • Radio • Jazz • Sport • Cars • Prohibition • Fashion changes • Racial discrimination What were the causes and consequences of Wall Street Crash? Causes • Herbert Hoover • Collapse of land prices • Too many goods, no buyers • Too many small banks, no funds • Too much speculation of the stock
Sacco and Vanzetti were two Italian immigrants who were anarchists that were charged with murder; they were found guilty and were given the death penalty. If they were white Americans maybe their punishment wouldn’t have be as harsh as the death penalty. Modern Americans argue that Sacco and
One hundred twenty thousand immigrants from the Western Hemisphere, with no “national limitations,” are also to be admitted. Before President Johnson signed this bill, the Senate voted 76 to 18 in favor of this act, with the most opposition votes cast by Southern delegates. The House voted 326 to 69 in favor of the act. The 1965 immigration act revolutionized migration to the United States and changed our society in a couple of different reasons. The Immigration Act of 1965 abolished the national-origin quotas that had been in place in the United States since the Immigration Act of 1924.
Al Capone The most notorious gangster of all time, known as Al Capone, was the most powerful mob leader of his era. From the 1920’s until around 1931 Capone was the kingpin of almost all organized crime throughout Chicago. Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York to a pair of Italian immigrants. In his early 20’s, he moved himself to Chicago to reap the benefits of smuggling illegal alcohol into this city. This was done at the time when prohibition was at its highest.
Being, flogging, burning with acid, even murder was condemned. It's more violent activities included kidnapping, lynching, setting fire to synagogues and Catholic churches, and murdering a priest began to offend the nation's conscience. Misuse of funds and sexual scandals among leaders brought down their control. By the end of the ‘20s, the Klan had virtually