They developed permanent settlements in the rich soil--> Neolithic Revolution. The effect of the Neolithic Revolution is increased population and regional trade. Stable food supply for permanent communities- surplus agriculture through advanced technology led to a diversified workforce. Complex institutions developed leading to a hierarchal socioeconomic structure based on class and wealth. Religion supplanted kinship groups as the political and social structure Epic of Gilgamesh (Poem)-Developmental Complex- the development of complex institutions is influenced by their environment.
The Nile River, in particular, was an aspect of agriculture whose impact on African societies would change the way we see it today. The ancient Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile River, where the soil was rich and the agricultural opportunities were plentiful. The Nile River cut through something of an arid landscape, so the people clustered along the riverbanks, where, in addition to farms, they constructed towns and cities. Though we often think of ancient Egypt in terms of massive construction projects, such as the pyramids, most Egyptians lived in smaller towns. Unlike the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, the Nile floods at a predictable time of the year and in relatively predictable stages.
Irrigation from the two rivers made it possible for the early settlers to farm and had abundant crops for trade. Furthermore, the supply of water from the two rivers were used for grazing areas for cattle and sheep. As a result, Mesopotamian had a lot of food variety they can choose from and permitted others to look for different jobs; for example, making clay pots and tools. Thus, new jobs developed and buildings and dams were built (Britannica, 2011) Part B The development of the chariot provides as a great example of diffusion throughout the continents. Chariots was invented in Mesopotamia to carry a driver and an archer for war.
Both Mesopotamia and Egypt had important rivers that benefited them. In Mesopotamia, many civilians relied on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Egypt, the population relied on the Nile. Although these rivers rose annually, they had different outcomes. While the Nile River was predictable and easier to deal with, the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers were unpredictable.
Not only did the river supply the needed moisture to the crops, but the banks of the river contain fertile soils that were necessary for the thriving food source. The people of the ancient civilization had to learn the cycle of the river to make it functional for their society. The river and surrounding areas experience a flood every July, this water had to be
In chapter 2: The Art of Mesopotamia and Egypt were in some ways very much alike. Mesopotamia and Egypt both had a great agriculture that helped them gain a little wealth. The Nile was a big part of the agriculture between the people. The most important waterways were the Indus and the Huang He in Asia, the Danube in Europe, and the Mississippi in North America. These rivers helped farmers with transportation, which then helped their agriculture grow.
The Ancient Egyptians thought of Egypt as being divided into two types of land, the “black land” and the “red land. “ The “black land” was the fertile land on the banks of the Nile, and was mainly used as a growing land for their crops because of their deposition of rich, black silt every year after the Nile flood. The “red land” consisted of a barren desert and acted as natural barrier to protect Egypt from invasions by neighboring countries. Despite being a desert, it was a source of precious metals and semi-precious stones. The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to record and communicate information about the religion and government.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is the main part of a complex setting of buildings that included two mortuary temples in honor of Khufu (one close to the pyramid and one near the Nile), three smaller pyramids for Khufu's wives, an even smaller "satellite" pyramid, a raised causeway connecting the two temples, and small mastaba tombs surrounding the pyramid for nobles. |Contents
In ancient Egypt the pharaohs were seen as a kind of demi-god. This status as demi god is because the pharaoh was seen as being born from the queen and being fathered by the sun god Ra, making the pharaoh part god. This divinity makes it easier to understand why the ancient Egyptians would go to such
One of the many types of Greek building structures was Sacred Architecture. The Greeks conceived of their gods in human form, as anthropomorphic representations of the forces and elements of the natural world. These gods and goddesses were worshiped with sacrifices made at an outdoor altar. At many sanctuaries, the altar was much older than the temple, and some sanctuaries had only an altar. The temple designed simply as a shelter or home for the cult statue and as a storehouse for offerings.