Rise of the Papacy Essay

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The Rise of the Papacy Introduction Emperor Theodosius declared that 380 AD Christianity was to be the official faith within the Roman Empire. Shortly thereafter, the bishops of the church in order to make the Christian faith more available to the masses created a leadership core that was known as the patriarchs. These patriarchs had a leader who was the bishop of Rome, who would be come to be known by the eleventh century as Pope. These patriarchs as a group included the bishops from Constantinople, Jerusalem, Alexandra, and Antioch. Christianity as the official faith of the empire and the establishment of the patriarchs would become the first in many steps of the church being seen as the political, and spiritual voice of the Roman Empire, and as we see in the centuries ahead becomes The Church in a vast Christian Republic. Rise of the Popes, Leo I It is though the loss of Roman leadership that we see at this time the role of the popes coming into play, although they were not given the title of Pope at this time, the bishop who had the seat of Rome, was considered to be the bishop with the highest amount of influence. Amongst these Popes was Pope Leo I or otherwise known as Pope Leo the Great. Pope Leo’s papacy began in 440 AD and finished in 461 AD, and it has been said that “Leo's pontificate, next to that of St. Gregory I, is the most significant and important in Christian antiquity.” Leo was very influential in a variety of different was, one of the ways he was “most famous for claiming that bishops of his city were the lawful heirs to St. Peter, the apostle of Jesus and first bishop of the Eternal City.” The rise of Pope Leo the great, and what he did while he was in the office of Supreme Bishop was in a way a foretaste in centuries to come. “Leo's chief aim was to sustain the unity of the Church. Not long after his elevation to the Chair of

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