Patricians: These were the wealthy aristocrats who monopolized political power in the early Roman republic. They were the descendants of the original members of the Senate at the time the Etruscans were overthrown in the late 6th century B.C. Plebeians: These were the middle and lower class commoners of Rome who struggled for more than 200 years to gain politically equality with patricians. They won this conflict because they were important to Rome militarily. Conflict of the Orders: This was the long struggle between the patricians and plebeians in the early Roman republic.
From 650 BC to 509 BC, an Italian tribe referred to as the Etruscans dominated the Northern Italy, including Rome. They borrowed much of their culture from the Creek colonists in the south. This included their alphabet (Roman Military). It believed that the Etruscans aided in founding the Roman monarchy and ruled Rome from 600 to 500 BC. The Roman nobility overthrew the last Etruscan king in 509 BC and instituted their own republican constitution, which included two representatives.
1 Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire Elizabeth Kelsey Tuller ITCS 101 05-08-2011 2 The first multinational corporation was Rome; there are many lessons to learn from the rise and fall of Rome (Bing, 2006). There were three Punic wars that invaded Rome over years of dreadful rage. Carthage was a Phoenician colony, also known as “Poenus” (Bing, 2006). A corporation named Carthage was a big problem and won a lot of wars in Rome. The Roman Empire had many troubled relations during its time of becoming an empire.
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic The disintegration of the Roman Republic is the first example in European history of the collapse of a constitutional system. The fall of the Republic, which occurred from 133 until 31 B.C.E., was more than a single man event. It was a result of several individual actions or achievements, coupled with social conditions that weighed heavily on Roman society. Additionally, massive and rapid expansion from Rome's foundation as a booming city 700 years earlier until the mid 1st century B.C., created monumental holes in the political and governing ability of the Senate. Periods of stability were mixed in with those of near collapse, while powerful generals or inciters of the Roman mob jockeyed for position.
The Han dynasty also followed the tradition of the Sui dynasty and used civil service exams to appoint government officials which favored the poor and allowed them to move up in the world. There emperor ruled with extreme power and control and there dynasty prospered. The Roman Empire was a republic which relied on the judicial, executive, and a legislative branch just as our government does today. The most powerful governing body in ancient Rome was the Roman senate until the period in time in which Caesar Augustus came to power and became the first emperor of Rome. Rome used its strong military forces to govern its lands and the surrounding territories in which they captured.
The Fall of the Republic: Corruption or Success? From its roots as a city-state ruled by kings to the notion of power by the senate and assembly, and finally to the ascension of empirical control, Rome has reverberated throughout history as an ever-transforming entity. Though the Republic solidly survived nearly five-hundred years, it remained anything but static. As this governmental system commenced to wane, it was due to a compilation of both individual actions and social conditions. It has been stated that the very success of the Roman Republic in war and imperial expansions led to its defeat.
One of the most obvious reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire is that it had "over-extended itself too far away from the base" (Malcolm). It had conquered much of Italy, and the size of the Roman Empire was several times the size of Rome itself. It was simply becoming too large for it’s own good. Since it had become so enormous, it became difficult for the leaders of Rome to control such a vast empire, and it collapsed. One of the main events which has had an effect on the fall of the Roman Empire is the decline of her military.
The Life and Times of Marcus Junius Brutus The Roman Republic reached the conclusion of its existence starting with the reign of Julius Caesar around 50 BCE. The transition period that ended with the rule of Octavian was marred by civil war and political upheaval. The civil war began with Julius Caesar boldly crossing the Rubicon in defiance of Pompey and the Republicans. Throughout the war that would ultimately end with Pompey and the Optimates being crushed at Pharsalus in 48 BCE, Marcus Junius Brutus, descendent of the great Lucius Junius Brutus, sided with his former enemy Pompey in defense of the Republic. Despite this treason, he was granted full pardon from Julius Caesar who had always held him in high esteem.
In the war of the two biggest empires in the history of Europe, only one could be the victor. In 1453 the Byzantine Empire found its self in a bloody battle over their capital city. The Turks employed various important war tactics in taking over the city. Sultan Mehmed II, ruler of the Ottoman Turks, led the assault. The Fall of Constantinople marked the end of the Byzantine Empire, an empire which had lasted for over 1,100 years.
it conferred on Augustus the office of commander –in-chief of the armed forces of the empire. He was given the tribunitial power for life, which meant that he had control over the popular assemblies and was appointed the permanent representative of the people. He was given the prerogative of introducing the first topic of discussion in the Senate and the right to call its meetings. Augustus also sought to improve the morale of the people. He revived the state religion and rebuilt many temples.