Rise And Fall Of Ancient Civilization

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The Ancient Greeks and Romans both began their histories as city-states. The rise of the Greek civilization developed in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, specifically in the Balkan Peninsula, near the west coast of Asia Minor and the Aegean Islands. These regions were mountainous and had irregular climates, which not allow the Greeks to communicate with each by land. In contrast, the rise of Roman civilization developed on the slopes of Palatine Hill along the River Tiber in Central Italy. Rome went from being a small town in Italy to being the center of a vast empire, after hundreds of years and many wars. The rise of Greek and Rome happened due to their geographic location, government and law, and political system. Contrary, the decline of Greek and Rome occurred because of the disintegration of political, economic and military systems. The phases of Rome history were divided into Roman Monarchy I, Roman Republic and Roman Empire. Roman Monarchy I lasted from 753 B.C.E. to 509 B.C.E. Roman Monarchy was ruled by 7 legendary kings. The king was elected by Roman citizens. Their government was important because it symbolized self-governance under their own selected ruler or king. Romulus was the first king of Roman. Some of his notable achievements included established the senate composed by 100 nobles men. Also, he reformed the Roman calendar adding the months of January and February. Another important Roman king was Tullius Hostilius. His reign symbolizes the ambitious and warlike nature of the Roman people. The last king was Tarquinius Superbus was the seventh king from 535 to 509 B.C.E. He was considered as a tyrant, dictator of the Roman Monarchy. During most of its expansion, Rome was a Republic governed by the Roman senate. The development of the Roman Republic was from 509 to 31 B.C.E. The social groups were divided into patricians (upper class), commoners

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