Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet

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University of Phoenix Material Rhetorical Strategies and Fallacies Worksheet The following are some common rhetorical strategies: • Innuendo: a leading suggestion • Stereotype: generalized statements relating to a group of people • Loaded questions: questions based on unjustified assumptions • Hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration Identify the rhetorical strategy in each of the following statements. 1. I did not say the meat was tough. I said I did not see the horse that is usually outside (W. C. Fields). _ Innuendo 2. Have you stopped beating your wife? __Loaded Question 3. The Maserati is the best car in the world! _Hyperbole 4. All men love football; all women love the ballet. _Stereotype The following are some common rhetorical fallacies: • Slippery slope: If A happens, then B–Z will follow. Therefore, to prevent B–Z from happening, do not allow A to occur. • Hasty generalization: rushing to form a conclusion based on assumptions; not based on clear evidence • Post hoc ergo propter hoc: If A occurs after B, then B caused A. • Either/or: looking at a situation from only two sides, or oversimplifying the situation • Ad hominem: attacking the person rather than attacking the argument • Red herring or smoke screen: introducing an unrelated topic as a diversionary tactic Identify the rhetorical fallacy in each of the following statements. 1. We can either stop using plastic, or destroy the Earth ____Either/or 2. I ate tuna for lunch and now I do not feel well, so the tuna made me ill. ___ Post hoc ergo propter hoc 3. If you enjoy a social drink, it could lead to you becoming an alcoholic, so you probably should never drink. __ Hasty generalization 4. Even though this is the first week of class, I can tell this is going to be a very easy course. __ Hasty generalization

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