Rhetorical Devices and Their Purpose in the Gettysburg Address Essay

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Four score and one hundred and fifty years ago, America’s 16th president, Abraham Lincoln, presented one of the most iconic and reputable speeches of all time, the “Gettysburg Address.” Lincoln provided his people this speech with the intent of re-instilling values of equality while honoring the dead and unifying the country. With the use of sections that represented the past, present and future, persuasive language, and rhetorical devices, Lincoln convinced his people that, those lives lost in battle were not in vain, but sacrificed in order to preserve those ideas of equality our country was founded on, which were first presented in the Declaration of Independence. Lincoln commences his speech, representing the past. He states, “Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal,” creates a stepping stone for the remainder of the speech. This section speaks solely regarding the past, and the equality of our nation. Firstly, Lincoln alludes to the Declaration of Independence, and what it states, which is, “...all men are created equal.” With saying this, Lincoln proved his credibility and made it clear that he is trying his best to equalize his people. Lincoln proved his credibility by demonstrating to his people that he did his research, and has paid close attention to the previous events that occurred in their country. Another aspect of the speech that proved him credible, was his diction, for 87 years ago, which in this case was, “Four score and seven years ago….” Additionally, Lincoln capitalized the word, “Liberty.” By doing so, he emphasized its importance, and connects back to his claim, that peace and equality should be obtained, like the Declaration of Independence states. Lastly, Lincoln’s syntax in this first section, is very

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