According to the American Academy of Political & Social Science, “America’s prisons and jails have become repositories for high school dropouts, thereby obscuring the degree of disadvantage faced by black men in the contemporary United States and the relative competitiveness of the U.S. workforce”. “Furthermore, evidence shows that spending time in jail affects future wages of minorities at a greater rate than white ex-cons” (2014). By no means, it should be suggested that because an individual is uneducated they will end up in prison. Although, the evidence does show that the majority of offenders are usually high school dropouts. According to Rumberger (2001), “intervention strategies should be put in place that focuses on providing resources that supports, strengthens, or restructure the families, schools, and communities of potential dropouts.
Determinate sentences involve sentences that have a fixed or flat time (Jirard, 2009). Determinate sentences play a large part in the increasing number of individuals in prison, which, as you can imagine, puts more strain on prisons financially. In the past two decades, we have become increasingly “tough on crime” which has helped to decrease crime to a certain extent. According to an article in the New York Times (2008), the US has fewer than five percent of the entire world’s population, but almost twenty five percent of the world’s prisoners (Liptak & , 2008). The author of the article goes on to say that people in the US are sentenced to do time for crimes that would not produce such a sentence in other countries.
This, a system founded upon the principal of rehabilitation, yet in reality, is more interested in imprisoning non-violent criminals indefinitely than providing them the help so desperately needed. It sickens me that the United States allows for such a horrible thing. Private prisons in the United States make millions of dollars off of their own prisoners. It is simple, the more prisoners the prisons have the more money they make. Private prisons enjoy a guaranteed profit with every inmate they house.
▪ Ideas matter ▪ How do they matter? People must be shown where their interest lie ▪ How are you shown where your interests lies? ▪ How do you understand he problem as it goes forward? ➢ Counter insurgency: has to abide by law and order to establish legitimacy, when insurgents use violence “extra-legal” you shouldn’t acknowledge it ➢ Counter thuggery in Boston? Might work….
Due to the states high visibility, size, and moral authority, it is capable to have an impact on citizens beyond the immediate act it authorizes. Reinam says, “Reduction in the horrible things we do to our fellows, when those things are not necessary to our protection, is an advance in civilization.” Punishments become milder as societies become more advanced. The refusal to execute teaches about the wrongfulness of murder.
It also backs up my other sources with the same research results; by removing the sentencing discretion of judges, and replacing it with mandatory jail sentences, we are sending more offenders to prison instead of programs designed to rehabilitate. Information in this article also supports my argument that mandatory laws violate the Constitution. Taking power away from judges is a violation of the 10th amendment “separation of powers.” As a result, our prison population has quadrupled and is filled with the wrong people. Mandatory sentencing applies so broadly that they sweep minor criminals and drug users along with the major ones, “drug kingpins,” who are the real targets of the statutes. Bender, David L. “America’s Prisons Opposing Viewpoints”4thed.Minnesota.
In factories African Americans earned more money than they did as farm labourers. African Americans who migrated also started to build their own communities and founded the NAACP (National association of the Advancement of Colour People) . I think this alone impacted the status of African Americans greatly because now Africans were no longer in the country sides and were in the cities and towns, in industry. This meant that they had a bigger part to play in the economy of the USA. Although African Americans had greatly improved in their income and houses, many people didn't treat them any differently.
Now with the overcrowding of prisons, criminal law is changing once again. In this paper the sources and purposes of criminal law will be explained. Facts on jurisdiction information will be described in order to define where the laws are enforced and created. Max Weber said that, the “primary purpose of law is to regulate the flow of human interaction” (Schmalleger, Hall, & Dolatowski, 2010 p 15). Human interaction is either kind or harmful.
Kederis !1 Robert Kederis Mr. Batson AP US History 12 August 2013 Analysis of the book “The Disuniting of America” ! In his book, The Disuniting of America: Reflections on a Multicultural Society, the author, Pulitzer Prize winning historian Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr. asserts that our world has entered what he calls a "dangerous era of ethnic and racial animosity". He portends that this renewed multiculturalism in the United States has the potential to tear apart our nation. He further submits that America, with its unique history of successful assimilation of so many cultures into one united body, should provide the example for the rest of the world as to how to hold ethnically diverse populations together. Mr. Schlesinger believes that "ethnicity
Treatment Versus Incarceration Anthony Williams Ivy Tech Community College Treatment Versus Incarceration One of the most controversial points in America is the debate about Treatment versus Incarceration. We have sectors that seem to believe that you cannot treat and rehabilitate an offender. This sector, which is the Justice System of this country, simply states ‘build more prisons’. We have come to a time where there are so many prisons in some states that it is considered a vital source of income for that state. As we will soon learn, if we do not put some type of behavioral modification program in place we will continue to have the problems of prison overcrowding.