Revolutions in Latin America

2142 Words9 Pages
Latin America, throughout the last five centuries, has experienced incredible turmoil and political, social, and economical upheaval. There are 33 nations and one-half billion people in the Americas, each of whose interests prove vital to the world in the form of allies, bordering neighbors, and trading partners. Revolution in these nations has transformed their economic and political stance in the world as a few countries in particular have experienced tremendous disorder and chaos. El Salvador and Nicaragua, as well as Peru, have been vulnerable to a rebellion within their countries and have seen the benefits, change, and the detrimental effects that result from revolts. A struggle over statehood after independence resulted in the emergence of revolutionary challenges for these countries, with an emphasis on exports, specifically coffee and other agricultural exports. The extreme inequalities of wealth and land distribution that existed in the rule by an oligarchic-military alliance, the military itself or a dictator produced high levels of poverty and low levels of literacy, which were a cause for reformist movements in the form of repression and revolution. The consequences of transformation through revolution in these countries as a whole have proven to be less than advantageous to the political and economic schemes, and thus revolutionary outlook in these nations has lowered the prosperity of the people who live in these reforming states. The conflict in El Salvador, the most densely populated country in Central America, began after strict repression by landlords and the wealthy and a history of rebellion. For a century, the wealthy minority have owned the richest land and dominated the economy. Since the 1930s, these individuals have relied on the military to maintain control under the oligarchic-military rule that existed until 1979. Increasing
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