Revolution in Mango Production Essay

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Revolution in Mango Production Success Stories of Some Farmers B. C. BISWAS and LALIT KUMAR FAI, New Delhi Fruits and vegetables are considered to be the protective food because these help us to develop defense mechanism in our body. Mango, which is the king of fruits, is also our national fruit. More than 50 percent of world mango production is contributed by India but unfortunately mango productivity in the country is declining over the years. This paper briefly deals with general mango culture, the causes of low productivity, and suggests some measures to enhance the productivity in the country. Some success stories of individual farmers and corporate sectors also find a place. During 2008-09 India had an area of 2.1 million hectare under mango with a production of 12.7 million tonnes and productivity of 5.5 tonnes/ha. India ranks first in mango production in the world. But due to certain limitations, mango productivity is declining in the country. In the traditional low density cultivation, per ha plant population in mango orchard ranges from 75 –100. In such situation, mango trees become very big, which make it difficult to perform the needed cultural operations, like training, pruning, disease pests control etc. As a result, irregular bearing of fruits becomes the rule rather than an exception. Low yield or no yield is also common due to alternate bearing. Poor nutrient and water management are also very important factors to improve the needed productivity. Of late, high-tech horticulture known as high density planting (HDP), has come into vogue, which is capable of removing the limitations of mango productivity in the India. Mango Production Scenario in India India tops in the mango production in the world. The important mango producing states are Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Kerala, and

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