Revising Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs Essay

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August 2010 - A recent updating of Abraham Maslow's iconic pyramid of needs by a team of psychologists including two from Arizona State University (ASU), published together with four commentaries in Perspectives on Psychological Sciences, concludes that factors involved in successful parenting, such as caring, feeding, nurturing and educating, are indicative of a profound pyschological need that merits placement at the top of the hierarchy. Maslow's concept of ordering human motivations dates from the 1940s. The current revision, which the authors acknowledge is controversial, takes into account developments in areas such as neuroscience, developmental psychology and evolutionary psychology. Lead author Douglas Kenrick, a professor of psychology at ASU explained: "It was based on some great ideas, several of which are worth preserving. But it missed out on some very basic facts about human nature, facts which weren't well understood in Maslow's time, but were established by later research and theory at the interface of psychology, biology and anthropology." The researchers explain that Maslow's original concept argued that physiological needs, such as hunger, thirst and sexual desire take precedence and thus form the base of the pyramid. Once these goals are met, humans will move on to successively higher levels such the need for safety, affection and esteem. Maslow placed self-actualisation (the desire to fulfil one's potential) at the top. However, the authors argue that the concept lacks the full backing of empirical research. Co-author Steven Neuberg, an ASU Foundation professor commented: "Within the psychological sciences, the pyramid was increasingly viewed as quaint and old fashioned, and badly in need of updating." Researchers (including Vladas Griskevicius of the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, and Mark Schaller of the

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