The internal nose is covered by a vascular mucous membrane thickly lined with small hairs and mucous secretions. This membrane collects and carries debris and bacteria from the inspired air to the nasopharynx for swallowing or expectoriation. The mucous contains immunoglobulins and enzymes that serve as a line of defense from infection. The internal noses is divided by the septum into two anterior cavities the vestibules. The lateral walls of the nose are formed by the turbinates, curved bony structures, covered by mucous membrane, that run horizontally and protrude into the nasal cavity.
The cough reflex is used to clear sputum and irritants that are in the nasal passages and pharynx. There are cilia in her trachea that is moving mucus up from the lungs. When the mucus becomes abundant it triggers the cough reflex. C – Which structure found in the terminal bronchioles and alveoli normally would protect Cari’s lungs from infectious pathogens and particulate matter? There are macrophages found in the terminal bronchioles and alveoli that normally would protect Cari’s lungs from infectious pathogens and particulate matter.
Apex is upper portion, extends above clavicle, and base is lower resting on diaphragm. Gas exchange takes place between capillaries and alveoli. * Type 1 alveoli- gas exchange cells * Type 2 alveoli- produce surfactant, a lipoprotein that lowers the surface tension w/in alveoli allowing for inflation. * Functions of the Pulmonary system: * Ventilation: movement of air into and out of the lungs through breathing. Accomplished through cycles of inhalation/exhalation.
The breathing tube provides an airway so the ventilator is able to use triggers to control the oxygen input and carbon dioxide output. The ventilator will create a vacuum so your lungs will fill up with air and fall back naturally allowing a patient to stay
External respiration which is also known as breathing refers to the inhalation of oxygen from the air into the lungs and expelling carbon dioxide from the lungs to the air. External respiration is a physical process during which oxygen is taken up by capillaries of lung alveoli and carbon dioxide is released from blood. Respiration occurs through our mouth, nose, trachea, lungs and diaphragm. Oxygen enters the respiratory system through the mouth and the nose. The oxygen then passes through the larynx, and the trachea.
Right lymphatic duct b. Thoracic (left lymphatic) duct c. Right and left subclavian veins d. Cisterna chyli . e. Determine the direction of blood and lymph movement between arterioles, blood and lymph capillaries, and venules. Blood and lymph move between arterioles, blood and lymph capillaries, and venules through lymphatic capillaries. These capillaries are located in the spaces between cells and are closed at one end. Blood capillaries converge to form venules and then veins.
When the mucus becomes abundant this triggers the cough reflex. C.) Which structures found in the terminal bronchioles and particulate matter? In the terminal bronchioles and alveoli there are macrophages, these would normally protect Cari’s lungs from infectious bacteria and particulate matter. D.) How would the resistance of Cari’s airways be affected by excess mucus and fluid in her lung? Cari’s airway would be affected by excess mucus and fluid buildup because the build up would cause resistance in her lungs due to the small diameter of space that is available.
Describe in detail the transportation of an oxygen molecule found in air as it enters the human body and is exchanged for carbon dioxide. Describe how carbon dioxide leaves the cells and finally exits the body. Air enters the body through the mouth or nose and enters the pharynx, to the larynx and eventually the trachea. From the trachea it enters the lungs, which branches to a left and right bronchus, then divide into smaller branches called bronchiole. Bronchiole’s have small air sac called alveoli attached to them, which inflate during inhalation and deflate during exhalation.
They have thin walls. Have larger internal lumen. Contains blood under low pressure. They have valves to prevent blood from flowing backwards. | | Components and function of Blood Blood is used to transport materials around the body, and protect against disease.
This process is clearing her lungs by forcing foreign bodies out of the larynx, trachea and epiglottis. C. Which structures found in the terminal bronchioles and alveoli normally would protect Cari’s lungs from infectious pathogens and particulate matter? a. There are macrophages presents (wandering phagocytes) that remove dust particles and other debris from the alveolar spaces. D. How would the resistance of Cari’s airways be affected by excess mucus and fluid in her lung?