Community Health and Population Focused Nursing C228 SZT Task 2 August 1, 2014 Measles p. 2 Measles, also known as Rubeola is a highly contagious acute viral illness. It is caused by a virus in the paramyxovirus family. In 1953, 549,000 measles cases were reported in the United Stated, along with 495 measles deaths, annually. Although 549,000 cases were reported, it is estimated that 3-4 million people or most every American was infected with this virus during their lifetime. After the implementation and licensure of the live measles vaccine in 1963 the number of cases significantly dropped by 1988 in the U.S...
The management consisted neurological for severe head injury, maxillofacial for facial injuries, orthopedics for fractured lower limbs. Mr. M was mechanically ventilated and given sedations and analgesics to facilitate the care. Hinds and Watts (2008) define VAP as a nosocomial infection which arises between 48 hours and 72 hours in patients requiring mechanical ventilation for more than 48 hours. They suggest that this is because of the aspiration of secretions during Intubation and VAP occurring after 72 hours is mostly as the consequence of aspiration of infected secretion from the airway. VAP prolongs intensive care stay and increased risk of other complications associated with it.
In 2013, more than 9500 cases of TB were reported in the United States alone; during the previous year, there were about 1.3 million TB-related deaths, worldwide. M. tuberculosis is a highly aerobic pathogen, requiring high levels of oxygen. Fittingly, it infects the lungs
The range of codes that would be used for Darlene would be Codes 680-709 because Darlene had an infection of her skin due to shards of glass still left in her wound. These codes are for Diseases of the Skin and Subcutaneous Tissues. 2. A 44-year-old male presents to the office complaining of intermittent chest pain. The physician orders an EKG to rule out a possible cardiac event.
Chrohn’s disease can appear at any age, but is most dangerous in adults in their 20’s and 30’s. Approximately 30% of people with this disease develop symptoms before 20 year of age. In the United States, about 100,000 teens and preteens have Crohn’s Disease.Crohn’s Disease is also called Inflammatory Bowel Disease, or IBD. It can occur anywhere in the digestive Tract, from mouth to anus.There are times when the symptoms reappear or get worst and other periods when symptoms get better or go away altogether. While Crohn’s disease causes many problems for people of all age, it presents special challenges for children and teens.
In the United Kingdom cystic fibrosis is a very common disease, and the cystic fibrosis trust claims that around 8,000 people suffer from it in the United Kingdom. The cystic fibrosis trust also claims that over two million people in the United Kingdom are carriers of the gene that causes the disease. They estimated that around one in every twenty five people carry this defective gene. In the United Kingdom causasian people with cystic fibrosis have a life expectancy of around thirty one years old. But with a baby born today with cystic fibrosis the chances are that they could live much longer,due to the improvements which are being made medically.
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder in children that affects the lungs and digestive system of children. “Cystic fibrosis is the most common cause of chronic lung disease in children and young adults, and the most common fatal hereditary disorder affecting Caucasians in the US” (MedlinePlus, 2006, Para 1). In the United States some 30,000 children and adults have CF. In the US, there is approximately 1,000 new cases of cystic fibrosis diagnosed each year and 70% of patients are diagnosed with CF by the age of two, 40% of patients with CF are 18 or older and in 2006 the median age of survival was 37 years (Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, 2007). Respiratory failure is a consequence of CF and is usually the cause of death.
You must be immunized within one week to four months prior to exposure for the vaccine to be effective. The vaccine is composed of inactivated organisms from several virus strains with scientist attempt to include the most recent mutation. Vaccines are typically 67-92 percent effective. Although most people recover fully from the flu, some develop serious complications, including life threatening conditions such as pneumonia. About 20,000 people in the United States die from flu complications each year and thousands more need to be hospitalized prior to recovery.
Most deaths occur among children living in Africa where a child dies every 45 seconds of malaria and the disease accounts for approximately 20% of all childhood deaths (WHO 2010). Malaria is a major cause of illness and death in Ghana, particularly among children and pregnant women in Ghana. In 2006, malaria accounted for 38.6% of all outpatient illnesses and 36.9% of all admissions (MOH, 2009). Malaria prevalence per thousand populations was 171 and 2,835 malaria-attributable deaths (all ages) representing 19% of all deaths were recorded. Infection rates are high in children peaking at more than 80% in those aged 5 – 9 years and falling to low levels in adults (MOH, 2009).
Though less likely, you may also catch the flu virus by touching phones, door handles or other inanimate objects and then touching your own eyes, nose, or mouth. The incubation period for influenza is commonly 2 days but can range anywhere from one to four days from initial contact with the virus. Once the onset of symptoms occur, a person can transmit the virus for up to seven days, individuals may even be contagious one day prior to the onset of flu like symptoms. You’ll know when you have the flu once your symptoms start to appear. The flu begins abruptly, causing high fevers, generally 102 -106F, headache, tiredness, dry cough, sore throat, muscle aches and stiffness, chills, fatigue, malaise, sweating, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, lack of appetite, and worsening of other illnesses such as heart failure or asthma.