Residential Burglary Research Paper

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Portland State University PDXScholar Criminology and Criminal Justice Senior Capstone Project Criminology and Criminal Justice Summer 2010 Prevention of Residential Burglary: A Review of the Literature Portland State University. Criminology and Criminal Justice Senior Capstone Follow this and additional works at: Part of the Criminology and Criminal Justice Commons, and the Social Control, Law, Crime, and Deviance Commons Recommended Citation Portland State University. Criminology and Criminal Justice Senior Capstone, "Prevention of Residential Burglary: A Review of the Literature" (2010). Criminology and Criminal Justice Senior Capstone Project. Paper 3.…show more content…
“It engenders stress and fear in many prospective victims. To its direct victims, the experience usually brings about extreme anger and annoyance, and in some cases, may occasion lasting psychological injury” (Grabosky, 1995, p.1). Residential burglary is one of the most prevalent crimes in the United States as well as in other countries (Grabosky, 1995; Shover, 1991; Weisel, 2004). Burglary accounts for 18% of all serious crime in the United States, and is the second most common serious crime, just behind larceny-theft. In addition, it is believed that as many as half of all burglaries go unreported, which might account for the low clearance average clearance rate of 14 % in the U.S. A significant factor related to the low clearance rate is that about 65 percent of residential burglaries investigated do not produce enough evidence or information about the crime, therefore making it one of the most difficult crimes to solve (Weisel, 2004, p. 1). The official rate of residential burglary, as measured by the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report (UCR) has changed dramatically over the last 50 years. Burglary rates increased in the United…show more content…
Social prevention can also involve long-term strategies, such as more generous social welfare policies, intervention through early-childhood programs, and drug and alcohol treatment programs. For example, a study by DeFronzo (1996) showed that higher amounts of AFDC (welfare payments) were correlated with a lower rate of burglaries, across 141 U.S. cities. A study on drug treatment in the U.K. (Gossop, Marsden, Stewart, & Rolfe (2000) showed that one year after completion of a drug treatment program, the participants were only committing one quarter as many burglaries as they were right before the program began. Policing agencies are probably not in ideal positions to prevent most burglaries. As mentioned earlier, only half of burglaries are reported, only 10% are reported while they are in progress, and in 90% of those cases, the suspect is not apprehended (Weisel, 2004, p.38). Some studies have suggested that crime mapping will help police identify “hot spots” and those areas of interest could then be monitored more often, especially at times of the day when burglaries are

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