Reserch Methodology Essay

10786 WordsJan 25, 201244 Pages
UN/POP/EGM/2006/02 22 May 2006 UNITED NATIONS EXPERT GROUP MEETING ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE ARAB REGION Population Division Department of Economic and Social Affairs United Nations Secretariat Beirut, 15-17 May 2006 ARAB VERSUS ASIAN MIGRANT WORKERS IN THE GCC COUNTRIES* Andrzej Kapiszewski** ______________ *The views expressed in the paper do not imply the expression of any opinion on the part of the United Nations Secretariat. ** Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland. A difficult economic situation of many Arab and South East Asian countries in the last few decades has made labor emigration an attractive option for citizens of these states (Al-Najjar, 2001; Abella, 1995).1 Such emigration has generally been supported by the governments of these countries to ease the pressure on labor markets, reduce unemployment, and accelerate development. The migration of the workforce has become one of the most dynamic economic factors in the Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries; remittances from migrant labor back to these states exceed the value of regional trade in goods as well as official capital flows (Nassar and Ghoneim, 2002; Fergany, 2001). Similarly, the migrations to the Gulf states speed up the development of certain regions of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, the Philippines or Indonesia (Amjad, 1989; Eelens et al. , 1992). One of the largest markets for Arab and Asian job seekers has been that of the Gulf states: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman: members of the 1981established the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Since the discovery of oil, these countries, lacking a local workforce, have been employing a large expatriate labor force. That process has had a very significant impact on the economy, politics, and the social structure of the GCC states. It has allowed for a rapid

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