Research, Statistics, and Psychology Paper

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Research, Statistics, and Psychology Paper By its very nature, the field of psychology relies on the scientific method for conducting research, which partially entails a systematic process of gathering statistics, scrutinizing primary and secondary data, and carefully interpreting facts; sans these methods, the science of psychology would lack credibility. This paper intends to examine the role of research and statistics in the field of psychology, define research and the scientific method, compare and contrast the characteristics of primary and secondary data, and describe the role of statistics in research. The Scientific Method Like all people, scientists – including those in the field of psychology - possess predisposed partiality; bias and discrimination are no exception. According to "Introduction to the Scientific Method" (n.d.), “the scientific method attempts to minimize the influence of bias or prejudice in the experimenter when testing [an] hypothesis or a theory” (Introduction to the Scientific Method). In other words, the scientific method decreases the likelihood that a scientist may introduce personal or social bias on scientific conclusions. Defining the scientific method resembles defining reason, for there are many applicable designations. Be that as it may, “In the broad view, scientific method is fundamentally rational method at work in a science, whatever the nature of the science, whether it be on the natural, mathematical or philosophic planes of abstraction” (McLaughlin, 1954, p. 40). With this in mind, there are four phases of the scientific method, which change minimally regardless of one’s scientific domain. First, some phenomenon is observed, and a description of the event is noted ("Introduction to the Scientific Method", n.d.). Second, a hypothesis, or assumption, is made in an attempt to explain the observed occurrence

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