2. How can theories help us to understand criminal behavior? To design strategies intended to control such behavior? By definition a theory is a series of interrelated propositions that attempt to describe, explain, predict, and ultimately control some class of events. A theory gains explanatory power from inherent logical consistency and is “tested” by how well it describes and predicts reality General Theory: A theory that attempts to explain all (or at least most) forms of criminal conduct through a single, overarching approach.
As previously noted, these pertain to those who sponsor the research, those who collect the data, and those who offer them. The sponsors should ask for the study to be done to better the purpose of the organization, and not for any other self-serving reason. They should respect the confidentiality of the data obtained by the researcher, and not ask for the individual or group responses to be disclosed to them, or ask to see the questionnaires. They should have an open mind in accepting the results and recommendations in the report presented by the researchers.” (p.
Meta ethics tries to make sense of the terms and concepts used in ethical theories such as Utilitarianism and Natural Law. Some people believe that ethical language is extremely meaningful as they argue it is essential to be able to define terms such as “good” and “bad” before we can even begin to discuss ethical theories. However others disagree with this and argue that moral statements are subjective so are meaningless, as they cannot be described as either true or false. Those who hold cognitive theories about ethical language would argue that ethical statements are not meaningless as they are about facts, and can therefore be proved true or false. Ethical Naturalism is a cognitive theory of meta ethics which holds the belief that
Research Process and Terminology Paper Kelli Love CJA/334 July 5, 2015 Greg Moore Research Process and Terminology Paper Every field has its own research process and to be a successful researcher you have to use applied research when working in the criminal justice field. There are some terms in research that apply specifically to the criminal justice field and without this knowledge it will be hard to accomplish your job effectively. The paper focuses on the different terms used, what is research and how it works in the criminal justice field. Terminology The research processed can be categorized as either basic or applied. Basic research looks at the cause, effect and nature of things.
Right to know criteria for excellence in research. (Correct) This right is a little more difficult to define. Because “excellence” has both objective and subjective criteria, personal preference may keep the list of criteria from being as specific as we would like. However, those who are doing evaluations should work to make the criteria as specific and clear as possible so people can make choices about how to shape their own work. Right for key people to be protected so that work is done effectively.
The research is written as such that the best interest of the service user is considered within the research highlighting the value principles of the researchers themselves, where there is consideration for equality, dignity and respect. Although the article does not conclude any evidence outcomes, it is still important to note that evidence based practice is often the basis for decision making and implementing research findings into practice. Evidence based research involves identifying the best available answer to questions that are raised on an identified need albeit that of a service user or organisation. It involves a process of evaluating the evidence and its effectiveness in informing practice and intervention (McLaughlin, 2007). One could argue that evidence based practice bridges the gap between research and practice with its focus on outcomes.
New Perspectives in Policing m a r c h 2 011 National Institute of Justice Moving the Work of Criminal Investigators Towards Crime Control Anthony A. Braga, Edward A. Flynn, George L. Kelling and Christine M. Cole Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety This is one in a series of papers that will be pub lished as a result of the Executive Session on Policing and Public Safety. Harvard’s Executive Sessions are a convening of individuals of independent standing who take joint responsibility for rethinking and improving society’s responses to an issue. Members are selected based on their experiences, their repu tation for thoughtfulness and their potential for helping to disseminate the work of the Session. In the early
Research Process and Terminology paper 08/13/2012 CJS/334 There are many research methods a professional may use in the criminal justice system when approaching an issue that needs a resolution whether it is to solve a problem or prove a point using research and evidence to get the correct results. The methods vary from using data that is precise and to the exact point or using something that is more elaborate and done on a larger scale multiple times to have a consistent result. Although there are different methods to finding an answer they all have the same basic model of problem solving in which we will be discussing. Basic Research Process Any basic research process starts off with a theory an attempt to try to explain the issue at hand, deductions leads to a hypothesis. A deduction is evidence found through simple research to narrow down a more informative form of a theory; you can say it is an official theory or scientific guess called a hypothesis, with more evidence of the issues a hypothesis is formed from a theory using deduction.
How can not knowing the proper terminology affect you as you conduct criminal justice research? How will knowing these terms be an asset to you when Discussion Questions What are the similarities and differences between qualitative and quantitative research? What is a variable? Explain the difference between an independent variable and a dependent variable. Provide an example of each.
Gathering Research Data Paper CJA 334 Paul Anyalebechi Samyra Porter Mosley June 27, 2011 Abstract In this paper I shall address what I’ve learned about criteria for criminal justice research, specifically with regards to what research method is appropriate for this proposal. This paper will include the goal/purpose of doing the research, the type of interview structure I would use and why, some of the questions that I would ask and why, then I will provide some advantages of a qualitative data-gathering strategy over quantitative methods of obtaining information. Then the paper will address an issue about conducting survey research, more specifically consent and confidentiality. The research survey is targeted towards police