Research Paper On Muscular Dystrophy

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Muscular Dystrophy The disorder Muscular Dystrophy is a genetic disorder that weakens the muscles that help move the body. MD is a genetic disorder that people are born with, it mostly occurs in males, and the disorder usually starts from birth or between the ages of 2 and 5. It’s caused by missing information in the genes that stops them from making the proteins that help give healthy muscles. With this disease muscles weaken over time, causing children all the way to adults to slowly lose the capability to do the things most people take for granted, like walking or running (Nemours, 1955-2011). With MD it varies in people looking at the type and development of the disorder. Some cases may not be sever and the development may be very…show more content…
Some of the different forms of MD are; Duchenne's muscular dystrophy it is the most severe form of dystrophinopathy and is the most common form of MD that affects children. Signs and symptoms of Duchenne's MD are regular falls, Large calves, difficulty getting up from a lying or sitting , Weakness in lower leg muscles, resulting in difficulty running/jumping, and mild mental retardation. Becker's muscular dystrophy is a milder form of dystrophinopathy. Signs and symptoms of Becker's MD are similar to Duchenne's. The start of the signs and symptoms is generally around the age 11, but may not happen until the mid-20s or even later. Myotonic dystrophy is a form of muscular dystrophy that produces stiffness in the muscles and the inability to relax muscles when wanted, as well as the muscle weakness of the other forms of muscular dystrophy. Symptoms are Weakening of voluntary muscles that control your arms and legs, Weakening of head, neck and face muscles, weakening of muscles that help with breathing and swallowing, fainting or dizziness, Clouding of the lenses of the eyes, and mild Diabetes (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2009). Other major types of MD are Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy, Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, Congenital muscular dystrophy, Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy, Distal muscular dystrophy, Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, Myofibrillar myopathies, and also Spinal Muscular Atrophy which my oldest sister Ashley

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