The lack of blood flow prevents oxygen to the brain and death of brain cells begins which results in brain damage. Depending on where the stroke begins can determine how severe the damage is and what parts of the body are affected. What effects a stroke has on someone is dependent on the type of stroke it is and what area the blockage effects. Depending on what part of the brain is affected by the lack of blood flow it may effect speech, motor coordination, swallowing and can even leave some parts of the body paralyzed. Some of the effects can sometimes be rehabilitated but not necessarily in all cases.
Concussions in Football A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head or body, a fall, or another injury that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull. Although there may be cuts or bruises on the head or face, there may be no other visible signs of a brain injury. Some people will have obvious symptoms of a concussion, such as passing out or forgetting what happened right before the injury. The amnesia, which may or may not be preceded by a loss of consciousness, almost always involves the loss of memory of the impact that caused the concussion. But other people won't.
Many situations can produce a stressful response and researchers have attempted to determine why it will leave an athlete more vulnerable to injury. In addition, there are many pyschosocial variables that make athletes more susceptible to injury, and psychosocial events that occur after an athlete has experienced an injury. Despite proper rehabilitation, many athletes are not psychologically equipped to cope with the impact of an athletic injury (Larson, Zaichkowsky, & Starkey, 1996). Advances in sports medicine have allowed remarkable physical recoveries, however, many members of the medical community are urging injured athletes to have the psychological aspects of their injuries treated as well. Initially, sport psychology was used as a catalyst to enhance athletic performance.
There for it is vital that one must know the head history of a player before sending him back out on the field after any head injury that has occurred. Athletes will even often won't report symptoms because they are scared that they will have to be taken off the field. A survey was giving to 529 student athletes for football and soccer. Question were asked if they had even experienced any of the symptoms of concussions from the past season. A little more than half of them said that they have had these symptoms.
He states that results of research on the harmful effects of media violence on children are either so vague that they can be openly interpreted to something different or so insignificant that they can be ignored. Fowles side of the article focuses on criticizing the opposite side. He claims that there is not enough evidence on the media for being the primary source of violence that infects children. He finds several interpretations to each of the research studies that claim that there are negative effects on the exposure to media violence. He makes a point that viewers are not incompetent and that they actively interpret and process violence in the media to know the reality of the violence they viewed.
While most initiatives have previously focused on medical staff, some now offer training to a wider range of healthcare professionals (Blok et al, 1999). Over the course of a career, a busy clinician may disclose unfavorable medical information to patients and families many thousands of times. Breaking bad news to patients is inherently aversive, described as “hitting the patient over the head” or “dropping a bomb”. Breaking bad news can be particularly stressful when the clinician is inexperienced, the patient is young, or there are limited prospects for successful treatment. Bad news must be told because of the following reasons: Patients Want the Truth Ethical and Legal Imperatives Clinical Outcomes However, breaking bad news is also a complex communication task.
Most schools don’t know how to test for concussion which could potentially put the athletes in harm’s way. Throughout this essay I will be discussing what some schools are doing or what they aren’t doing. A lot of people may think that it is really hard to get a concussion and you only get them in a contact sport. But really you can get a concussion from any sport or any other thing that you do where you can hit your head. Your brain is a soft organ that is surrounded by spinal fluid and protected by your hard skull.
Football Too Dangerous? High School Football has become more dangerous over the years due to the causes of brain disease, Concussions and fractures. High school football players nationally, have sustained more than half a million injuries. High School football has been shown to become more dangerous due to high levels of ankle and knee injuries. The player’s positions that sustained more of these tragic injuries were “Running Backs” also “Linebackers”.
Stress Management in Sports Cedric Bogan San Diego Christian College Psychology 201 Dr. Lord November 19, 2012 Introduction Being able to cope with stress and anxiety are vital to an athlete who has to perform in high pressure situations. Having the ability to control these feelings of nervousness and apprehension are vital for peak performance. Sport performers must be able to manage stress in a wide range of environmental demands and psychological responses throughout the course of experience in their sport of desire and their performance. Some performers are able to manage the variety of causes and consequences of stress but others struggle with this issue, resulting in severe impairment to their performance and health. Stress is associated with external and internal stressors along with 3 stress response domains (autonomic, somatic, and cognitive).
Some symptoms are confusion, headaches, nausea, slurred speech and many more. Symptoms can last from anywhere from a week to years or forever. Long term side effects can be lost of memory, personality disorders, and psychological effects. The numbers of concussions and other injuries are very high. In the last 10 years concussions have increased 200% and the eight through 13 age group and 300% in the 14 through 19 age group("Sports Injuries").