The most important question rises, what international events or American foreign policies helped the United States the most in becoming a world superpower during the years of 1865 through 1945? The key foreign policy events that led to the United States becoming a world superpower after were: The Spanish
Topic: Did the concept of Manifest Destiny really influence the outbreak with Mexican-American war? Introduction Why we have to make a research about Manifest Destiny? Were the American people agreed to expansionism? Because the Manifest Destiny not only influence c or 19th century also Impact the whole 20th century United States political view until today. Mexican-American War is a big event in the 19th century, in which the concept of Manifest Destiny was related with war.
The USA was influenced to war heavily by Cuba, which was still part of Spain’s American empire, In 1895 Cuba wanted to become independent however it was still under the Spanish control which made it hard to become free. When Cuban nationalists, led by Jose Marti, began a revolt against Spanish rule they were backed by America however they were quickly dealt with by the Spanish army. The president at the time William McKinley also believed in the moral perspective of the Whiteman’s burden so they supported the Cuban population. The harsh methods of the Spanish (to stop the Cuban revolt) were criticised by the Americans, where there was a strong support for American intervention in Cuba. In February 1989 those who were seeking intervention got a big opportunity as the warship, the USS Maine, was blown up whilst stationed on the harbour of Havana.
Mahan thought that the country with the most powerful navy would control the earth. He believed we should build a canal, and to protect the canal by controlling Hawaii and Cuba, which he thought was a necessity. During this time, thoughts of Anglo-Saxon superiority were a common "excuse" for imperialism. The political scientist and professor of Columbia University, John Burgess said the Anglo-Saxon races were "particularly endowed with the capacity for establishing national state, they are entrusted with the mission of conducting the political civilization of the modern world." Even before McKinley's presidency, he showed interest in foreign markets for the surplus of American products.
In reality, this was an extension of the United States’ imperialism in the late 19th and early 20th century. To substantiate this, the United States’ interests in Cuba, the invoking of the Platt Amendment and Cuba’s economic and political exploitation must be analysed. Nevertheless, one must first ask, “why would the United States have sought to establish an empire in the specified time period?” To answer this question, one must first examine the ideologies that surfaced during the 19th century in that country. In 1803, Thomas Jefferson asserted that Westward expansion “was the key to the nation’s health.” (History.com, 2009) Furthermore, John O’ Sullivan declared in 1845 that it was the United States’ “God-given right” (Browne & Carter, 2013) to “expand their civilizations and institutions across the breadth of North America” (Browne & Carter, 2013). The above resulted in the former Thirteen Colonies’ acquisition of the entire continent.
Numerous factors triggered America’s climb into both economic and social expansion. For example, high tariffs were placed on America-made products, which then gave the US a stable and protected trade interest. In addition the Spanish – American war of 1898 was a major turning point in USA expansion. The war was based on the grounds that Cuba (a colony of both America and Spain) had been declaring independence from Spain, and the USA having created the Monroe Doctrine, which supported the Cubans fight for independence from Spain in The USA, was to be involved for what can only be described as for their own best interest, due to Cuba having a oil supply. And on February 15, 1898, the USS Maine sank in Havana, in which an explosion caused 266 deaths.
AP US HISTORY Karisha McCray Period 2 Chapter 21-24 Chapter21 * As the American frontier “closed,” many in America pushed for new frontiers of an empire for exploration, settlement, and new markets. America Looks Outward In contrast to prior expansion into contiguous territories intended for settlement and equal annexation, the United States in the 1890s acquired island colonies intended as naval bases and commercial outposts for the expansion and protection of American markets. * Catching the Spirit of Empire Immediately after the Civil War, Americans were concerned almost exclusively with domestic concerns leading to a sense of isolationism. After the 1870s, however, Americans, linked to the world through new communication
"Our endeavors overseas are not for the purpose of empire, but rather salvation" -Theodore Roosevelt Evaluate Roosevelt's view on U.S. foreign policy by analyzing the quote. Include specific, historical examples from Chapter 27/28 and the primary sources we have looked at as a class. During the 19th century, the United States of America was a very isolationist country, but in the 1890s, due to rising exports, manufacturing capability, power, and wealth, it began to expand onto the world stage, using overseas markets to sell its goods. As a consequence, the “yellow press” took a hold onto American thought, romanticizing foreign ‘adventures’ and criticizing other world powers. Missionaries did their job of preaching that the savages of the world need to be civilized and Christianized.
The USA played a big role in Cuba’s economy after 1875. From the time of the 1898 Spanish-American war until 1959, the U.S. also played an important political role in Cuba's internal and foreign policies. During 1898 the USA declared war on Spain. In 1898 the USA manages to defete Spain which gives up all claimes to cuba and surrenders it to the US. In 1902 Cuba becomes independent with Tomas Estrada Palma but the Platt Amendment keeps the island under US protection and gives the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs.
The division was so strong, it eventually led to the Civil War. But sectionalism still isn't the top competing force. In my opinion, the force that had the greatest impact on the nation was expansion. Expansion is the process of extending a states territory by claiming new land, which the United States did a lot of. Expansion affected the nation in many ways other than size.