Research Guidlines Essay

1050 WordsNov 18, 20085 Pages
Research Ethical Guidelines Understanding the ethical principles and guidelines that influence educational research is very important for every researcher and professional working. In order to attain this understanding, one must first determine the meaning of ethics, and how it applies to one's regulation. The following will address the essential guideline of research ethics and how these essentials apply to quantitative and qualitative research educational studies. Research ethics are defined by Aita and Richer (2005) as "the moral problems encountered in association with scientific or other academic and educational research, by the researcher, their subjects or their social environment" Aita and Richer, 2005, p. 45). А primary role is to make decisions that hold he/she accountable to their profession and society, as well as, to patients and families. А major component of research ethics is ethical theory. Aita and Richer (2005) define ethical theory as "the study of the nature and justification of general ethical principles that can be applied to moral problems and attempts to provide а more rigorous and systematic approach to how decisions are made". Our society takes two approaches to ethical, or moral, theory: teleological and deontological. Teleological theory, often referred to as utilitarianism, is the judgment of whether the consequences of an action are good or bad. This approach also evaluates the balance between the benefits and risks to the people associated with an action. Deontological ethical theory judges if the nature of this action is right or wrong despite any consequences the action might have on the person. Aside from the two primary philosophical approaches mentioned previously, the approach of ethical relativism must be explored. Ethical relativism is essential in today's researches as it deters the generalization of
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