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Research Essay

  • Submitted by: edukero
  • on July 31, 2013
  • Category: Social Issues
  • Length: 11,808 words

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Below is an essay on "Research" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.

215
The Changing Workplace and Its Effects
A Longitudinal Examination of Employee
Responses at a Large Company
Leon Grunberg
Sarah Moore
University of Puget Sound
Edward S. Greenberg
University of Colorado at Boulder
Pat Sikora
Sikora Associates, LLC
The present study explores the multiple ways employees are affected by pervasive and
complex organizational change. Across a 10-year period, the authors surveyed 525
white- and blue-collar workers on four separate occasions during which time the company
experienced, for example, a difficult financial period, several large downsizing
events, the implementation of new technologies, and a move toward a “flatter” managerial
structure. At Time 4, shortly after the organization experienced a substantial
economic turnaround, the authors found that most but not all of the job and organizational
attitudes returned to Time 1 levels. Many of the measures of health and various
indices of the work–family relationship however showed both positive and negative
lasting effects. These findings are discussed in light of current thinking regarding
worker engagement and the psychological contract between workers and organizations.
Keywords: workplace change; layoffs; employee resilience; worker or employee well-being;
organizational commitment
Work, for many Americans, has changed significantly over the past 25 years.
Two scholars, in a recent comprehensive overview of research on work, go so far as
THE JOURNAL OF APPLIED BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE, Vol. 44 No. 2, June 2008 215-236
DOI: 10.1177/0021886307312771
© 2008 NTL Institute
to conclude that we now have a “radically transformed American workplace” (O’Toole
& Lawler, 2006, p. 78) even as they acknowledge the evolutionary nature as well as
the complexity and diversity of the changes and their effects. The locus for many of
the most wrenching changes has been large corporations subject to global competition,
what O’Toole and Lawler (2006) call “Global...

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