Res342 Wk1 Essay

515 Words3 Pages
Culture and Gender Related Difference in Smiling Behavior In most cultures across the globe, smiling is a widely practiced form of nonverbal communication. Past studies have shown significant cultural differences in smiling behavior between American and Chinese college students. Depending on location and what is viewed as culturally appropriate, smiling could express one’s inner emotional state, negative or positive, as well as communicate a silent greeting, an act stemming from social motives rather than emotions. However, it is believed and widely accepted that the spread and influence of globalization has bridged the cultural communication gaps and caused many of the gaps to disappear completely, as well. In fact, previous studies have indicated that with the spread of globalization, cultural differences in smiling behaviors between collectivist (China) and individualistic countries (United States) have lessened (Barfield-Works, Pan, & Haskins, 2008). Methodology This research was conducted to further explore the differences and similarities in smiling behavior existing between male and female students in the United States and China. Data for this experiment was collected from three different universities, one university in China and two in the United States. The sample population consisted of 224 Chinese students and 322 American students and, of the entire sample population, 56% were female. According to Pan, Barfield-Works, and Haskins (2009), the desired outcome of this study was to either prove or disprove the following hypothesis statements: 1. Men and women from China and the United States will not hold different individualistic, collectivistic, and power-distance attitudes. 2. Men and women from China and the United States will not display significant

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